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Bibliografická citace

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BK
2nd ed.
Chichester : John Wiley & Sons, 2005
xiv,429 s. : il.

objednat
ISBN 0-470-84358-6 (brož.)
Obsahuje ilustrace, tabulky, grafy, předmluvu, úvod, dodatek, rejstřík
Bibliografie na s. [371]-422
Hydrologie - potoky - učebnice vysokoškolské
Potoky - hydrologie - učebnice vysokoškolské
000105459
Preface to the Second Edition xi // Preface to the First Edition xiii // 1 Introducing the Medium 1 // 1.1 Water as a Fluid 1 // 1.2 The Physics of Fluids 1 // 1.3 Physical Properties of Water 3 // 1.3.1 Density and Related Measures 3 // 1.3.2 Viscosity and the ‘No-slip Condition’ 5 // 1.3.3 Surface Tension 5 // 1.3.4 Thermal Properties 7 // 1.3.5 Entrained Air and Dissolved Oxygen 8 // 2 How to Study a Stream 11 // 2.1 Focusing on Physical Habitat 11 // 2.2 The Planning Process 16 // 2.2.1 General 16 // 2.2.2 What Is the Question? 17 // 2.2.3 Choosing Your Method: The Study Design 17 // 2.2.4 Collecting Information: The Value of a Pilot Study 18 // 2.2.5 Analysing and Presenting the Results 18 // 2.3 Strategic Sampling 19 // 2.3.1 Population, Sample and Other Vocabulary of the Trade 19 // 2.3.2 The Errors of Our Ways 20 // 2.3.3 Considerations in Choosing a Sampling Design 21 // . 2.3.4 Partitioning the Stream 22 // 2.3.5 Basic Sampling Designs 23 // 2.3.6 Sample Size 27 // 2.4 Know Your Limitations 27 // 2.5 Examples of How and How Not to Conduct a Study (by M. Keough) 28 // 3 Potential Sources of Data (How to Avoid Reinventing the Weir) 31 // 3.1 Data Types 31 // 3.2 Physical Data Sources, Format and Quality 31 // 3.2.1 Where to Look for Data and What You Are Likely to Find 31 // 3.2.2 Data Quality 33 // 3.2.3 How to Fill in a Streamflow Record 36 // 3.3 Maps: Finding Those Spatial Places 37 // 3.3.1 What Types of Maps Are Useful? 37 // 3.3.2 Map Interpretation 41 // 3.3.3 Revision, Accuracy and Standardization of Maps 43 // vi Contents // 3.4 Photographs and Other Remotely Sensed Data // 3.4.1 What Is Remote Sensing? // 3.4.2 Photographs // 3.4.3 Other Remote Sensing Imagery // 3.4.4 Sources of Imagery // 3.4.5 Interpretation, Classification and ‘Ground Truthing’ of Imagery //
4 Getting to Know Your Stream // 4.1 General Character // 4.1.1 Preliminary Introductions // 4.1.2 Putting the Stream Channel and Its Catchment into Context // 4.1.3 Initial Assessments of the State of a Stream // 4.1.4 An Example of a River Condition Survey: The Index of Stream Condition, Victoria, Australia // 4.2 Catchment Characteristics // 4.2.1 General // 4.2.2 Delimiting and Measuring the Catchment Area // 4.2.3 Stream Length // 4.2.4 Stream Patterns // 4.2.5 Stream Orders // 4.2.6 Miscellaneous Morphometric Measures // 4.3 Streamflow Hydrographs // 4.3.1 Definitions // 4.3.2 Hydrograph Separation // 4.3.3 Factors Influencing the Hydrograph Shape // 4.3.4 Recession Curve Analysis // 4.4 How Does This Stream Measure Up? // 4.4.1 General // 4.4.2 Annual Statistics // 4.4.3 Monthly Statistics // 4.4.4 Daily Statistics // 4.4.5 A Method for Describing Hydrological Predictability: Colwell’s Indices // 5 How to Have a Field Day and Still Collect Some Useful Information // 5.1 Venturing into the Field // 5.2 Surveying: A Brief Introduction // 5.2.1 General // 5.2.2 Horizontal Distance // 5.2.3 Vertical Distance // 5.2.4 Slope // 5.2.5 The Full Contingent of Co-ordinates, Including Methods of Mapping // 5.3 Methods of Measuring Areal Extent // 5.3.1 General // 5.3.2 Visual Estimation of Percentage Cover // 5.3.3 Point Intercept Method // 5.3.4 Line Intercept Method // 5.3.5 Grids // 5.4 rSurveying Streams // 5.4.1 General// 5.4.2 Cross-sectional Profiles // 5.4.3 Channel Slope and Thalweg Profile // 5.4.4 Bed Surface Materials // 5.4.5 Mapping the Stream Reach of Water Level or Stage // 5.5.1 General // 5.5.2 The Staff Gauge // 5.5.3 Maximum Stage Recorders or Crest Gauges // 5.5.4 Automatic Recorders // 5.5.5 Depth to the Water Table: Piezometry // 5.6 Measurement of Discharge (Streamflow) // 5.6.1 General // 5.6.2 Volumetric Measurement //
5.6.3 Velocity-area Method // 5.6.4 Dilution Gauging Methods // 5.6.5 Stream Gauging // 5.6.6 Slope-area Method of Estimating Discharge // 5.7 Substrates and Sediments: Sampling and Monitoring Methods // 5.7.1 General // ? 5.7.2 Bank Material Sampling (Soil Sampling) // 5.7.3 Bed Material Sampling // 5.7.4 Sampling Suspended Sediments // 5.7.5 Sampling Bedload Sediments // 5.7.6 Erosion and Scour // 5.8 Substrates and Sediments: Analysis of Physical Properties // 5.8.1 General // 5.8.2 Soil Moisture Content, Gravimetric Method // 5.8.3 Sediment Concentration // 5.8.4 Particle Size // 5.8.5 Presentation of Particle Size Data // 5.8.6 Particle Shape: Roundness, Sphericity // 5.8.7 Particle Arrangement and Other Miscellaneous Bulk Properties // 5.9 Water Quality // // 6 Water at Rest and in Motion 127 // 6.1 General 127 // 6.2 Hydrostatics: the Restful Nature of Water 127 // 6.2.1 Pressure 127 // 6.2.2 Buoyancy 129 // 6.3 Studying the Flow of Fluids 130 // 6.3.1 Steady and Unsteady Flow 130 // 6.3.2 Streamlines 130 // 6.3.3 Conserving Mass: The Principle of Continuity 131 // 6.3.4 Energy Relationships and the Bernoulli Equation 131 // 6.4 Narrowing the Focus: Row of a Viscous Ruid 132 // 6.4.1 Laminar and Turbulent Row 132 // 6.4.2 Flow Past Solid Surfaces: The Boundary Layer 136 // 6.5 The Microenvironment: Row Near Solid Surfaces 141 // 6.5.1 General 141 // 6.5.2 Describing the Velocity Profile and Boundary Layer Thickness near a Solid Surface 141 // 6.5.3 Shear Stress and Drag Forces 143 // 6.5.4 Flow around Bluff Bodies 146 // 6.5.5 Lift 152 // 6.5.6 Methods of Microvelocity Measurement 153 // 6.6 Open-channel Hydraulics: The Macro-environment 155 // 6.6.1 But First, A Few Definitions 155 // viii Contents // 6.6.2 Introduction to Hydraulics 155 // 6.6.3 The Variations of Velocity in Natural Channels 156 // 6.6.4 Energy Relationships in Streams 159 //
6.6.5 Shear Stress and the Uniform Flow Equations of Chezy and Manning 163 // 6.6.6 Water-surface Profiles in Gradually Varied Flow 165 // 6.6.7 Hydraulic Jumps and Drops, Alias Rapidly Varied Flow 167 // 7 It’s Sedimentary, Watson! 169 // 7.1 Introduction to Stream Channels, Streambeds and Transported Materials 169 // 7.1.1 General 169 // 7.I.2 Making Up a Channel Bed 169 // 7.1.3 What Sort of Debris Is Transported? 170 // 7.1.4 Sediment Distribution and Discharge 172 // 7.1.5 Ecological Implications 173 // 7.2 Stream-shaping Processes 174 // 7.2.1 A Note about Stream Power 174 // 7.2.2 Adjustments and Equilibrium 176 // 7.2.3 Balancing Slope, Streamflow, and Sediment Size and Load 177 // 7.2.4 Floods and Floodplain Formation 178 // 7.2.5 Channel-forming Discharges 179 // 7.2.6 Fluvial Geometry 180 // 7.3 The Ins and Outs of Channel Topography 182 // 7.3.1 Channel Patterns 182 // 7.3.2 Pools, Riffles and Steps 185 // 7.3.3 Bars 186 // 7.3.4 Dunes, Ripples and Flat Beds of Sand 187 // 7.4 Sediment Motion 189 // 7.4.1 Erosion, Transport and Deposition 189 // 7.4.2 Deviations from ‘Ideal’ 190 // 7.4.3 Predicting a Particle’s ‘Get Up and Go’ 191 // 7.5 Sediment Yield from a Catchment 195 // 7.5.1 Sediment Sources and Sinks 195 // 7.5.2 Sediment Yield Variations 197 // 7.5.3 Computing Sediment Discharge and Yield from Measured Concentrations 198 // 7.5.4 The Estimation of Sediment Discharge from Streamflow 199 // 8 Dissecting Data with a Statistical Scope 201 // 8.1 Introduction 201 // 8.1.1 General 201 // 8.1.2 Floods and Droughts 201 // 8.1.3 Data Considerations 203 // 8.1.4 Putting Statistics into a Proper Perspective 203 // 8.2 Streamflow Frequency Analysis 204 // 8.2.1 General Concepts 204 // 8.2.2 Probability and Average Recurrence Intervals 204 // 8.2.3 The Data Series 205 // 8.2.4 Graphical Methods: The Probability Plot 207 //
8.2.5 Fitting Probability Distributions 208 // 8.2.6 A Few Good Probability Distributions 210 // 8.2.7 Zeros and How to Treat Them 212 // 8.2.8 Goodness, The Distribution Fits! 214 // 8.2.9 Interpreting Frequency Curves 214 // 8.3 Flow-duration Curves // 8.3.1 General // 8.3.2 Constructing Flow-duration Curves // 8.3.3 Interpretation and Indices // 8.4 Flow Spell Analysis // 8.5 Extrapolating from the Known to the Unknown // 8.5.1 General // 8.5.2 Transposing Data from Gauging Stations to Less-endowed Sites // 8.5.3 Regionalization // 8.6 Numerical Taxonomy: Multivariate Analysis Techniques // 8.6.1 General // 8.6.2 Similarity/Dissimilarity Indices // 8.6.3 Ordination // 8.6.4 Classification // 8.6.5 Other Sources of Information on Numerical Taxonomy // 9 // “Putting It All Together”: Assessing Stream Health, Stream Classification, Environmental Flows and Rehabilitation // 9.1 // 9.3 // 9.4 // 9.5 // Putting Theories into Practice Understanding Stream Values // 9.2.1 What Are Stream Values? // 9.2.2 Ecological Potential // 9.2.3 The Role of Science in the Stream Flealth Policy Debate Assessing Stream Health // 9.3.1 Introduction // 9.3.2 Describing Reach Condition // 9.3.3 Physico-chemical Assessment // 9.3.4 Habitat Assessment // 9.3.5 Hydrological Assessment // 9.3.6 Bioassessment // 9.3.7 Types of Stream Health Monitoring Program // 9.3.8 Selecting a Method for Measuring Stream Health The Use of Stream Classification in Management // Introduction // Ecological Classification Models Based on Energetics, Structure, Function and Dynamics of Rivers // Geomorphological Classification Models Based on River Process and Structure Hydrologically Based Classification Water Quality-based Classification //
Classification // Combined Physical-chemical-ecological Classification Models Ecoregions and Multi-scale Classification Wetland Classification Estuary Classification // 9.4.10 Classification of Conservation Value of Rivers // 9.4.11 Designated Use Classification // 9.4.12 Summary // Assessing Instream Environmental Flows // 9.5.1 Introduction // 9.5.2 Instream and Environmental Flows Defined // 9.5.3 Three Basic Assumptions of Environmental Flows Assessment // 9.5.4 Forms of Environmental Flow Assessment // 9.5.5 Hydrological Methods // 9.5.6 Hydraulic Rating Methods 293 // 9.5.7 Habitat Rating Methods 295 // 9.5.8 Holistic Methods 299 // 9.5.9 Other Approaches 302 // 9.5.10 Implementation and Evaluation of Environmental Flows 312 // 9.5.11 Summary 318 // 9.6 Stream Rehabilitation 319 // 9.6.1 The Basis of Stream Rehabilitation 319 // 9.6.2 Addressing Biotic Factors 326 // 9.6.3 Correction of Physical Limiting Factors 330 // 9.6.4 Rehabilitation of Channel Form 333 // 9.6.5 Instream Habitat Improvement Structures 345 // 9.6.6 Evaluation of a Range of Stream Rehabilitation Projects 349 // 9.6.7 Some Reflections on Stream Rehabilitation 357 // Appendix Basic Statistics 359 // References 371 // Index 423

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