The emerging multidisciplinary field of earth system science sets out to improve our understanding functioning ecosystems, at a global level across the entire planet. Stable Isotopes and Biosphere - Atmosphere Interactions looks to one of its most powerful tools the application of stable isotope analyses to understanding biosphere-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases, and synthesizes much of the recent progress in this work. Stable Isotopes and Biosphere - Atmosphere Interactions describes recent progress in understanding the mechanisms, processes and applications of new techniques. It makes a significant contribution to the emerging, multidisciplinary study of the Earth as an interacting system. This book will be an important reference for students and researchers in biology, ecology, biogeochemistry, meteorology, and atmospheric science and will be invaluable for anyone with any interest in the future of the planet. * Describes applications of new stable isotope techniques to the emerging fields of earth system science and global change * Illustrates advances in scaling of physiological processes from leaf/soil to the global scale * Contains state-of-the-art, critical reviews written by international researchers and experts.
Factors affecting the oxygen isotope ratio of plant organic material -- Stable isotope composition of soil organic matter -- Factors determining the ¹³C abundance of soil-respired CO₂ in boreal forests -- Factors that control the isotopic composition of N₂O from soil emissions -- Carbon and hydrogen isotopic effects in microbial, methane from terrestrial environments -- Theoretical examination of Keeling-plot relationships for carbon dioxide in a temperate broadleaved forest with a biophysical model, CANISOTOPE -- Partitioning ecosystem respiration using stable carbon isotope analyses of CO₂ -- Simulation of ecosystem C¹⁸OO isotope fluxes in a tallgrass prairie : biological and physical controls -- Ecosystem CO₂ exchange and variation in the [delta]18O of atmospheric CO₂ -- Stable isotope constraints on net ecosystem production under elevated CO₂ -- Stable isotopes as a tool in urban ecology -- Terrestrial ecosystems and interannual variability in the global atmospheric budgets of ¹³CO₂ and ¹²CO₂ -- Remarks on the use of ¹³C and ¹⁸O isotopes in atmospheric CO₂ to quantify biospheric carbon fluxes -- Factors influencing the stable isotopic content of atmospheric N₂O -- The carbon isotopic composition of atmospheric methane and its constraint on the global methane budget