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Bibliografická citace

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BK
First published
[London] : Teach yourself, 2014
x, 309 stran : ilustrace, 1 mapa, portréty ; 20 cm

objednat
ISBN 978-1-444-18032-9 (brožováno)
Obsahuje bibliografii na stranách 295-303 a rejstřík
001470997
About the author vii // Acknowledgements viii // Preface ix // 1 Thinking like a linguist 1 // The science of language // Principle 1: The spoken language comes first Principle 2: Linguistics is descriptive, not prescriptive ’Advanced’, ’beautiful’ and ’primitive’ languages Linguistic purism // 2 A brief history of linguistic thought 21 // Why study language ? // Early linguistic scholarship Classical and medieval linguistics The prescriptive tradition Nineteenth-century philology // 3 Structural linguistics 44 // Saussure and the Course in General Linguistics The nature of the linguistic sign The North American Descriptivists // 4 The building blocks of language: // describing speech sounds 64 // The vocal tract The consonants of English Describing vowels Suprasegmentals // 5 Laying the foundations: sound // systems in language 82 // Phonemes and allophones The phoneme: problems and solutions Comparing accents Underlying representations Syllable structure // 6 Building words: morphology 106 // Words and morphemes Derivational morphology Inflectional morphology Grammatical categories // 7 A grammar of sentences: syntax 133 // Syntax and grammar Subjects and predicates Parts of speech Anatomy of a sentence Government and agreement Composite sentences // 8 The Chomskyan revolution: // generative grammar 155 // The influence of Chomsky // Chomsky and the North American Descriptivists // Behaviourism // Innateness // The evolution of generative grammar Controversies // 9 Semantics: the meaning of’meaning’ 178 // The weak point’ in linguistics? // Semantic relativity Sense relations Semantic features Other types of meaning // 10 Pragmatics: saying what you mean 198 // Meaning in context Grice s theory of implicature Flouting the maxims Speech acts Politeness theory // 11 Exploring variation in language 222 //
Dialectology // Urban sociolinguistics: methodology and problems Urban surveys: New York and Norwich Variation by class and style Language and gender // 12 Choosing your language: multilingualism // and language planning 245 // Bilingualism and diglossia Language shift and language death Language standardization Language planning // 13 Mechanisms of language change 268 // Internally motivated change Systemic changes Externally motivated change Rethinking internal and external factors // Fact-check answers 291 // Taking it further 295 // Index 304

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