The Chickpea Genome: An Introduction -- Economic importance of chickpea: production, value and world trade -- Botany of chickpea -- Cytogenetics of Cicer -- Managing and Discovering Agronomically Beneficial Traits in Chickpea Germplasm Collections -- Advances in chickpea genomic resources for accelerating the crop improvement -- Classical genetics and gene mapping -- Genetic mapping and quantitative trait loci -- Requirement of whole-genome sequencing and background history of the national and international genome initiatives -- Sequencing the Chickpea Genome -- Impact of Genomics on Chickpea Breeding -- Future Prospects for Chickpea Research.
This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers an overview of the latest advances in genome sequencing and analysis. The growing human population, rapid climate changes and limited amounts of arable land are creating substantial challenges in connection with the availability and affordability of nutritious food for smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this context, climate smart crops are essential to alleviating the hunger of the millions of poor and undernourished people living in developing countries. In addition to cereals, grain legumes are an integral part of the human diet and provide sustainable income for smallholder farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Among grain legumes, the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most important in terms of production and productivity. Besides being a rich source of proteins, it can ﬁx atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with rhizobia and increase the input of combined nitrogen. Several abiotic stresses like drought, heat, salinity, together with biotic stresses like Fusarium wilt, Ascochyta blight, and Botrytis grey mould have led to production losses, as the chickpeas is typically grown in the harsh climates of our planet’s semi-arid regions..