Introduction -- Fundamentals of enzymatic processes -- Pretreatment of lignocellulosic feedstocks -- Approaches for bioprospecting cellulases -- Extremophilic xylanases -- Lytic polysaccharide monooxygensases -- Recent advances in extremophilic α-amylases -- Extremophilic ligninolytic enzymes -- Extremophilic pectinases -- An overview on extremophilic esterases -- Extremophilic esterases for bioprocessing of lignocellulosic feedstocks -- An overview on extremophilic chitinases -- Extremophilic lipases -- Bioprospection of extremozymes for conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to bio-ethanol and other biochemicals.
This book introduces fundamentals of enzymatic processes, various renewable energy resources and their pretreatment processes. It presents in-depth review of extremophilic enzymes (e.g., Cellulases, Xylanases, Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenases, Amylases, Ligninases, Pectinases, Esterases, and Chitinases) which can be used in several biotechnological processes. In addition, the authors present expert knowledge on how to engineer enzymes for enhanced conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to biofuels. Extremozymes play important roles in many kinds of bioprocessing e.g., in conversion of non-food biomass into usable power. Existing enzymatic technologies, including hydrolysis of lignocellulose into sugars, have several limitations such as they have very slow enzymatic hydrolysis rates, yields low products, requires high dosages of enzymes, and are sensitive to microbial contamination problems. These limitations could be overcome using extremophilic enzymes. ..