Preface; Florencia Montagnini -- Section 1. Agroforestry challenges and alternatives -- 1. Introduction: Challenges for agroforestry in the new millennium; Florencia Montagnini -- 2. The contribution of agroforestry to Sustainable Development Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture; Florencia Montagnini, Ruth Metzel -- 3. Tropical dry forests in multi-functional landscapes: Agroforestry systems for conservation and livelihoods; Irene Montes Londoño -- 4. Agroforestry for the Northeastern United States: Research, practice, and possibilities; Eli Roberts -- 5. Resilience management at landscape level: an approach to tackle social-ecological vulnerability of agroforestry systems; Dardo R. López et al -- Section 2. From subsistence to market oriented systems -- 6. Energy analysis of coffee production systems: Implications for environmental and economic sustainability; Carl F. Jordan ---
7. Indigenous successional agroforestry: Integrating the old and new to address food insecurity and deforestation; Asha Bertsch -- 8. Mimicking nature: A review of successional agroforestry systems as an analogue to natural regeneration of secondary forest stands; Katherine Young -- 9. Small-scale Açaí in the global market: Adding value to ensure sustained income for forest farmers in the Amazon Estuary; Leonora Pepper, Lívia De Freitas Navegantes Alves -- 10. Ecological indigenous (EIK) and scientific (ESK) knowledge integration as a tool for sustainable development in indigenous communities. Experience in Misiones, Argentina; Patricia Rocha et al -- 11. Organic yerba mate, Ilex paraguariensis, in association with native species: a sustainable production alternative; Beatriz Eibl et al -- 12. Adapting indigenous agroforestry systems for integrative landscape management and sustainable supply chain development in Napo, Ecuador; Christopher Jarrett et al ---
13. Fuel Alternatives for Developing Countries; Kjell E. Berg -- 14. Specialty crops in temperate agroforestry systems: sustainable management, marketing and promotion for the Midwest region of the U.S.A.; Gregory Ormsby Mori et al -- Section 3. Environmental services in multifunctional landscapes -- 15. Trees on farms for livelihoods, carbon storage and conservation of biodiversity: evidence from Nicaragua on this “invisible” resource; Eduardo Somarriba et al -- 16. Intensive silvopastoral systems: economics and contribution to climate change mitigation and public policies; Julián D. Chará et al -- 17. Enhancing biodiversity in neotropical silvopastoral systems: use of indigenous trees and palms; Zoraida Calle D. et al -- 18. Perennial staple crops and agroforestry for climate change mitigation; Eric Toensmeier -- 19. Carbon sequestration in temperate silvopastoral systems, Argentina; Pablo L. Peri et al ---
This book gathers fresh and novel contributions from a set of Yale University researchers and associates from the academic, practitioner and development arenas, who intend to provide alternative and sometimes departing insights into some of the pressing environmental and development issues the world is facing today. The book focuses on the functions that agroforestry systems (AFS) can provide when well designed and implemented: their role in rural development as they can improve food sovereignty and contribute to provision of energy for the smallholders; and their environmental functions: contribution to biodiversity conservation, to increased connectivity of fragmented landscapes, and adaptation and mitigation of climate change. The chapters present conceptual aspects and case studies ranging from traditional to more modern approaches, from tropical and temperate regions of the world. Emphasis is placed on the value of indigenous knowledge and how scientific expertise can contribute to identifying marketable products, adding value and finding the proper markets to return the benefits to the producers. AFS can be profitable at small, medium and large scales if products and services are given their proper monetary recognition. Government subsidies are needed similarly to conventional agriculture, with AFS contributing important environmental services which should be part of the financial equation. Farmer’s associations and rural movements can be instrumental in grouping needs and obtaining fair value for products through certification or other mechanisms. Partnerships among private and public institutions/ organizations are vital for proper implementation of landscape management strategies including AFS. Society is increasingly aware of the environmental issues that plague our world today thus hopefully leading to measures and policies that encourage AFS proper appreciation as a productive, sustainable and environmentally friendly landscape management strategy..