Summary -- Introduction -- 1.1. Decline of the biodiversity in agro ecosystems in the last decades (Morelli, Tryjanowski) -- 1.2. Differences between Western and Eastern Europe agriculture – the role of history (Tryjanowski) -- 1.3. Conservation tools -- 1.4. A systematic literature review of HNV farmland and requirements for future researches: there is a long way ahead (Benedetti) -- 1.5. The HNV as support for biodiversity (Morelli) -- 2. Methodology and tools for study and monitoring HNV.-2.1. Identifying HNV areas using Geographic Information Systems – GIS -- 2.2. Suitable frameworks to monitoring the HNV farmland using bird species.-2.3. Different ways to study the biodiversity: from species richness to the role of species in the community and functional diversity approach (Morelli) .-2.4. The concept of bioindicators (focal species, umbrella species, etc.) (Morelli) .-2.5. Species Distribution Models develop and assessment (Morelli) -- 3. Case studies -- 3.1. Case study in farmlands from Central Italy (Morelli, Jerzak, Tryjanowski -- 3.2. Case study in Montado system from Portugal (Catarino, Godinho, Pereira, Luís, Rabaça) -- 4. Discussion and final considerations -- 4.1. Models issues and limitations (the alternative of multi-model inference (MMI) approach when working on models with many covariates, etc.) (Morelli, Tryjanowski) -- 4.2. Transferability or adaptability of models? (Morelli, Tryjanowski) -- 4.3. Potentialities related to the use of few common species as indicators for monitoring programs: citizen science approach (Benedetti) -- 4.4. Conservation guidelines and final suggestions (Tryjanowski, Morelli). .
This book helps to establish a simple framework to identify and use bird species as a bioindicator for high nature value (HNV) farmlands. This book focuses on suitable methods for monitoring the HNV areas, and presents the results of several case studies. The chapters put forward ways to integrate ecosystems assessment, geographical information systems (GIS) and strategies for conservation of local biodiversity. An innovative framework focuses on the use of species distribution models (SDMs) in order to explore the importance of each characteristic of HNV farmlands. Furthermore, the book examines the relationships among bird species richness, land use diversity and landscape metrics at a local scale in the farmlands..