Section 1-Basic Science:1 History of shoulder pain and rotator cuff pathology. - 2 Subacromial space and rotator cuff anatomy -- 3 Rotator cuff -- 4 Epidemiology and demographics of the rotator cuff tear -- Section 2- Etiopathogenesis of the cuff tear: 5 Intrinsic factors (Physiologic degeneration – Aging- Smoking habit-Blood hypertension- Obesity, Hypercholesterolemia, and Diabetes – Genetics- Alchool assumption) -- 6 Extrinsic factors (Subacromial impingement - Acromioclavicular joint degeneration- Thoracic hyperkyphosis - Subcoracoid impingement - Other causes: pigmented villonodular synovitis) -- 7 Antropometrics aspects of the patients with rotator cuff tear -- Section 3-clinical and instrumental evaluation: 8 Classification -- 9 Shoulder Pain intensity and distribution,- 10 Clinical evaluation -- 11 Shoulder pain due to visceral pathologies and cervical spine disorders -- 12 Instrumental evaluation (X-Ray and MRI- Arthro CT- Ultrasound evaluation) ---
Section 4- cuff tear treatment: -- 13 Natural history -- 14 The possible role of the transcription factor NF-kB on evolution of rotator cuff tear and on mechanisms of cuff tendon healing -- 15 Conservative treatment -- 16 Operating room setting -- 17 Anesthesiological techniques -- 18 Treatment of the partial tears -- 19 Treatment of the reparable postero-superior lesions (Arthroscopic repair- single row and double row repair technique - Suture Bridge and Transosseous Techniques- Open technique) -- 20 Treatment of the unreparable massive rotator cuff tear (Arthroscopic debridement-Margin Convergence- Interval slide- Partial repair- Subacromial Biodegradable Spacer- Tuberoplasty- Suprascapular nerve in association with irreparable tears- Augmentation with patches- Transfer of muscular tendineous units- Latissimus dorsi- Teres major- Pectoralis major for isolated subscapularis tear- Biceps Tenodesis Augmenting Repair) -- 21 Subscapularis tear: intraoperative evaluation and treatment ---
This handbook provides detailed, state of the art information on simple and complex rotator cuff tears that will be of value in daily clinical practice. It covers all relevant aspects, including basic science, pathogenesis, clinical and instrumental evaluation, and treatment techniques. Drawing on the results of recent studies, the book will enable the reader to better understand how tears occur and what treatment should be employed in different circumstances. Rotator cuff tear has always attracted great interest because it may cause shoulder pain, loss of strength, simple or complex disabilities, and partial or total inability to work, reducing quality of life. The goals of cuff repair are to restore footprint anatomy with biomechanically secure, tension-free construction that promotes biological healing at the tendon-to-bone interface. Even today, there is cause for discussion about when and how to perform surgical repair and on what to do in cases of irreparable rupture. This book casts light on such issues. It is especially designed for shoulder surgeons and rehabilitation specialists and will also be of value for residents and shoulder fellows..