This book provides a road map for defining the care of acute heart failure (HF) patients in the short stay or observation unit setting. Supported by the Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care, it presents a description of the problem, defines the measures of success, elucidates the implementation of interventions required to be successful, and provides the tools to insure quality HF management. Fully updated and revised, the Third Edition discusses administrative and regulatory issues relating to HF management; pathophysiology and demographics of acute HF; emergency medical services and emergency department assessment and treatment of acute HF; admission, treatment, and disposition of acute heart failure in observation units; complications and future research; and resources such as clinical pathways, algorithms, and patient education tools that can be directly utilized in various healthcare settings. Short Stay Management of Acute Heart Failure, Third Edition, is an essential guide for cardiologists, emergency physicians, and hospital administrators, as well as for institutions wishing to be recognized as quality heart failure centers. ..
Part I: Administrative and Regulatory Issues -- Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care’s Acute Heart Failure Accreditation -- The Economics and Reimbursement of Acute Heart Failure -- Regulatory Requirements in Acute Heart Failure -- Quality and Operational Metrics in Heart Failure -- Staffing and Facilities Requirements for Short Stay Unit Acute Heart Failure Management -- Part II: Pathophysiology and Demographics -- Pathophysiology of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure -- Acute Heart Failure: Epidemiology and Demographics -- Part III: EMS/Emergency Department Assessment and Treatment -- Pre-hospital Management of Acute Heart Failure -- Dyspnea Assessment and Airway Management in Acute Heart Failure Patients -- Volume Assessment in the Emergency Department -- Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers in Emergency Department Acute Heart Failure -- Bedside Ultrasound in the Evaluation and Management of Acute Heart Failure -- Emergency Department Therapy of Acute Heart Failure -- Part IV: Short Stay Unit: Admission, Treatment, and Disposition -- Short Stay Unit Admission Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria -- Essentials of Patient Education in the Emergency Department and Short Stay Unit -- Emergency Department and Short Stay Unit Acute Heart Failure Discharge Criteria -- Effective Discharge Planning For Acute Heart Failure in the Short Stay Unit.- Drugs that Should Not be Used in the Management of Acute Heart Failure -- Errors to Avoid in Acute Heart Failure Care -- Chronic Heart Failure Management: Drugs Recommended for Routine Use -- Implantable Cardiac Devices in the Short Stay Management of Acute Heart Failure -- Implications of Atrial Fibrillation in Acute Heart Failure Management -- Controversies in Acute Heart Failure Management -- Acute Heart Failure Research in the Emergency Department and Short Stay Unit -- Part V: Resources -- Clinical Pathways/Algorithms -- Patient Education Tools -- Discharge Instructions.