1.Epidemiology/etiology of childhood cancer -- 2. Early Warning Signs and Diagnostic Approach in Childhood Cancer -- 3.Cancer Registries and the Value of a Dedicated Pediatric Registry in Africa -- 4.Organization of Care for Children with Cancer in Africa -- 5.Hematological and Oncological Emergencies -- 6.Solid Tumors - Osteosarcoma -- 7.Ewing Sarcoma -- 8.Nephroblastoma (Wilms tumor) -- 9.Hepatoblastoma -- 10.Retinoblastoma -- 11.Neuroblastoma -- 12.Germ Cell Tumors -- 13.Hodgkin Lymphoma -- 14.Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma -- 15.Acute Leukemia -- 16.Chronic Leukemias in Children -- 17.Tumors of the Central Nervous System -- 18.Rare Childhood Cancers -- 19.HIV-Related Malignancies -- 20.Characteristics of Cancers in the Neonatal Period -- 21.Cancers in Adolescence -- 22.Cancer Chemotherapy -- 23.Febrile Neutropenia -- 24.Blood Transfusion in Pediatric Oncology -- 25.Nutrition for Children with Cancer in Africa -- 26.Pain in Pediatric Oncology -- 27.Nursing Care Principles in Pediatric Oncology -- 28.Chemotherapy Induced Nausea and Vomiting -- 29.Patient Support Groups -- 30.Research and Ethics in Pediatric Oncology -- 31.Health Economics -- 32.Developing Support Network in Africa.
This text is the only book of its kind to provide specific guidance applicable to limited resource settings and builds up from the foundation of general practitioner or general pediatrician competence. Written and edited by leaders in the field, this manual educates physicians on the essential components of the discipline, filtered through the experience of specialists from developing countries, with immediate applicability in the specific healthcare environment in these countries. Typically, manuals of pediatric hematology-oncology are written by specialists from high-income countries, and usually target an audience with a sub-specialist level of training, often assisted by cutting-edge diagnostic and treatment facilities. However, approximately 80% of new cases of cancer in children appear in mid- and low-income countries. Almost invariably, general practitioners or general pediatricians without special training in oncology will look after children with malignancies who enter the health care system in these countries. The diagnostic facilities are usually limited, as are the treatment options. The survival figures in these conditions are somewhere below 20%, while in high-income countries they are in the range of 80% for many childhood cancers. This book includes simplified therapy protocols, pain therapy and palliation, as well as ward procedures such as bone marrow aspiration/biopsies, intravenous therapy and chemotherapy drugs mixing. It provides an overview of pediatric cancer epidemiology, cancer registration and organizing support networks and features the management of cancers with associated pathology like AIDS, malnutrition, malaria and tuberculosis..