Chapter 1. Introduction (Raghubir Chand) -- Part I: Poverty, social inequalities, marginalization and globalization -- Chapter 2. Marginality and marginalization (Stanko Pelc) -- Chapter 3. Poverty and Global Warming: an Example of the Kyrgyz Republic (Asylbek A. Aidarliev) -- Chapter 4. Socio-economic wellbeing and mental health profile of rural hill women of Uttarakhand, India (Lata Pande) -- Chapter 5. The Status of Marginalized Women Tea Garden Workers in the Mountain ecosystem of Darjeeling in a Globalised Village (Moushumi Datta) -- Chapter 6. Level of Socio-Economic Development in the Mountain Watershed of Uttarakhand State (India) (Savita Chauniyal) -- The Tales of Origin and Settling Process of Marginal Societies in Bhutan (Aditi Chand) -- Part II: Indigenous communities, identity, livelihood practices and biodiversity -- Chapter 8. Consequences of the Ottoman Land Law: Agrarian and Privatization Processes in Palestine, 1858-1918 (Ruth Kark) ---
Chapter 9. Negev Bedouin and Indigenous People: A Comparative Review (Havazelet Yahel) -- Chapter 10. Changing Identity, livelihood and Biodiversity of Indigenous Communities in The Eastern Himalaya with special reference to Aka Tribe (Gibji Nimasow) -- Chapter 11. The changing socio-economic profile of the Shokas and Rangs vis-à-vis the loss of agro-diversity, and the exploitation of Yartsa Gunbu (the caterpillar mushroom): A case study of the Askote Conservation Landscape, district Pithoragarh, Kumaun Himalaya (Chandra Singh Negi) -- Chapter 12. Brokpa Yak Herders of Bhutan: A Study in Pastoral Livelihood Patterns, Transhumance and “drukor” (Raghubir Chand) -- Chapter 13. Occupational Diversification and Changing Marginality conditions of Brokpas of Bhutan in Twenty First Century (Raghubir Chand) -- Chapter 14. Socio-Cultural and Nutritional Environment of a Marginal Community of Uttarakhand—A Case Study of Tharu Tribe (B. R. Pant) ---
Part III: Migration, depopulation and environmental fragility -- Chapter 15. Similarity of the Spatial Patterns of Net Migration and Unemployment in Finland (Olli Lehtonen) -- Chapter 16. Regional Pattern of Migration Flows in Uttarakhand, India (R.C.S. Taragi) -- Part IV: Policies and strategies -- Chapter 17. Tourism In the Swiss Alps: the human factor in local development (Walter Leimgruber) -- Chapter 18. Garhwal Himalaya - Potential of Cash Crops in Attaining Food Security and Enhancing Livelihoods - Khanda Gad Watershed case study (Vishwambhar Prasad Sati.
This book provides an overview of marginality or marginalization, as a concept, characterizing a situation of impediments – social, political, economic, physical, and environmental – that impact the abilities of many people and societies to improve their human condition. It examines a wide range of examples and viewpoints of societies struggling with poverty, social inequality and marginalization. Though the book will be especially interesting for those looking for insights into the situation and position of ethnic groups living in harsh mountainous conditions in the Himalayan region, examples from other parts of the world such as Kyrgyzstan, Israel, Switzerland and Finland provide an opportunity for comparison of marginality and marginalization from around the world. Also addressed are issues such as livelihood, outmigration and environmental threats, taking into account the c onditions, scale and perspective of observation. Throughout the text, particular attention is given to the context and concept of ‘marginalization’, which sadly remains a persistent reality of human life. It is in this context that this book seeks to advance our global understanding of what marginalization is, how it is manifested and what causes it, while also proposing remedial strategies..