chapter 1. Properties of nanofluid / Samuel Paolucci and Gianluca Puliti -- chapter 2. Exact solutions and their implications in anomalous heat transfer / Wenhao Li, Chen Yang, and Akira Nakayama -- chapter 3. Mechanisms and models of thermal conductivity in nanofluids / Seung-Hyun Lee and Seok Pil Jang -- chapter 4. Experimental methods for the characterization of thermophysical properties of nanofluids / Sergio Bobbo and Laura Fedele -- chapter. 5. Nanofluid forced convection / Gilles Roy -- chapter 6. Experimental study of convective heat transfer in nanofluids / Ehsan B. Haghighi, Adi T. Utomo, Andrzej W. Pacek, and Bjorn E. Palm -- chapter 7. Performance of heat exchangers using nanofluids / Bengt Sunden and Zan Wu -- chapter 8. Thermal nanofluid flow in microchannels with applications / Clement Kleinstreuer and Zelin Xu -- chapter 9. Use of nanofluids for heat transfer enhancement in mixed convection / Hakan F. Oztop, Eiyad Abu-Nada, and Khaled Al-Salem -- chapter 10. Buoyancy-driven convection of enclosed nanoparticle suspensions / Massimo Corcione and Alessandro Quintino -- chapter 11. Modeling convection in nanofluids : from clear fluids to porous media / Donald A. Nield and Andrey V. Kuznetsov -- chapter 12. Convection and instability phenomena in nanofluid-saturated porous media / Antonio Barletta, Eugenia Rossi Di Schio, and Michele Celli -- chapter 13. Nanofluid two-phase flow and heat transfer / Lixin Cheng -- chapter 14. Heat pipes and thermosyphons operated with nanofluids / Matthias H. Buschmann -- chapter 15. Entropy generation minimization in nanofluid flow / Omid Mahian, Clement Kleinstreuer, Ali Kianifar, Ahmet Z. Sahin, Giulio Lorenzini, and Somchai Wongwises -- chapter 16. Gas-based nanofluids (nanoaerosols) / Wesley C. Williams.