1. Electrochemical detection of exocytosis : a survey from the earliest amperometry at carbon fiber ultramicroelectrodes to recent integrated systems / Christian Amatore, Manon Guille Collignon, and Frederic Lemaitre -- 2. Adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of metabolites / Xiaoquan Lu, Hui Li, and Yaya Li -- 3. Electrochemical nucleic acid aptamer-based biosensors / Ilaria Palchetti and Marco Mascini -- 4. Amperometric enzyme electrodes / Serge Cosnier and Gareth P. Keeley -- 5. Electrochemical biosensors based on carbon nanotubes and nanohybrids : from fundamental to biological architectures / Youxing Fang and Erkang Wang -- 6. Gold and silver nanoparticles for electrochemical immunosensors / Barry G.D. Haggett -- 7. Electrochemical DNA sensors based on nanoparticles / Claudio Parolo, Alfredo de la Escosura-Mu?iz, and Arben Merko?i -- 8. Electroenzymatic labeling for immunosensors and DNA sensors / Dianping Tang -- 9. Conductometric enzyme biosensors / Sergei Dzyadevych and Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault -- 10. Impedance immunosensors / Frank Davis and Seamus P.J. Higson -- 11. Transduction of biochemical reactions by use of quantum dots and photocurrent detection / Fred Lisdat and Daniel Schafer -- 12. Biosensors based on electrochemiluminescence / Huangxian Ju -- 13. The self-powered biosensors based on biofuel cells / Liu Deng and Shaojun Dong.