Úplné zobrazení záznamu

Toto je statický export z katalogu ze dne 21.08.2021. Zobrazit aktuální podobu v katalogu.

Bibliografická citace

.
0 (hodnocen0 x )
EB
EB
ONLINE
1. elektronické vydání
Karolinum 2015
1 online zdroj (268 stran)
Externí odkaz    Plný text PDF (Bookport) 
   * Návod pro Bookport 


ISBN 978-80-246-2599-7 (online ; pdf)
ISBN 978-80-246-2465-5 (print)
Základním cílem publikace je nabídnout velkému počtu zahraničních studentů medicíny na českých vysokých školách učebnici kardiovaskulární chirurgie v anglickém jazyce, a to v rozsahu, který jim umožní bez problémů splnit požadavky náročné státní zkoušky z chirurgie. Text však vychází vstříc i těm studentům, kteří mají zájem o hlubší znalosti; jeho zvládnutí je ve své podstatě dostačujícím základem i pro teoretickou část speciální atestace z oboru cévní a srdeční chirurgie. Publikace je přínosná i pro české a slovenské studenty, protože jim umožní osvojit si řadu odborných vyjádření v jazyce, který je v současné době nezbytnou součástí každé vysokoškolské kvalifikace. Ve srovnání s řadou většinou velmi rozsáhlých zahraničních učebnic je publikace z tohoto hlediska velmi úsporná při zachování vysoké odborné úrovně..
001482473
CONTENTS // General Iniroduction... 13 // CARDIAC SURGERY (Michal Semnu!) // I The Fundamentals of Cardiac Surgery... 17 // 1.1 Preoperative Assessment... 17 // 1.1.1 Patient History... 17 // 1.1.2 Physical Examination... 20 // 1.1.3 Investigations... 21 // 1.2 Patient Preparation... // 1.2.1 Preoperativc Blood Tests... // 1.2.2 Assessment of Risks... // 1.2.3 Skin Cleansing and Shaving // 1.2.4 Discontinuation of Medication... // 1.2.5 Consent... // 1-3 Intraoperative Care... // 1-3.1 Induction of Anesthesia... // 13.2 Surgical Preparation of the Patient... // 1.3.3 Draping... // 13.4 Cardiopulmonary Bypass... // 13.5 Myocardial Protection... // 1.4 Postoperative Care... // 1.4.1 Respiratory Care... // 1.4.2 Hemodynamic Management... // 1.4.3 Heart Rate and Rhythm Management... // 1.4.4 Postoperative Ischemia and Infarction... // 1.4.5 Right Ventricular Failure and Pulmonary Hypertension // 1.4.6 Bleeding... // 1.4.7 Renal Dysfunction // 1.4.8 Neurologic Events // 1.4.9 Gastrointestinal Events... 37 // 1.4.10 Infections... 38 // 2 Congenital Heart Disease... 40 // 2.1 Atrial Septal Defect... 41 // 2.1.1 Pathophysiology... 41 // 2.1.2 Epidemiology... 41 // 2.13 Types of Atrial Septal Defects... 42 // 2.1.4 Diagnosis... 43 // 2.13 Treatment... 44 // ’Ł> V’ w w * * -n ’-i <=? w w r-> tv !-> // 2.1.6 Decompression Sickness... 45 // 2.1.7 Paradoxical emboli... 45 // 2.1.8 Migraine... 4Ł // 2.1.9 Prognosis... 46 // 2.2 Ventricular Septal Defect... 46 // 2.2.1 Causes. Incidence,
and Risk Factors... 46 // 2.2.2 Pathophysiology... 47 // 2.2.3 Symptoms and Signs... 47 // 2.2.4 Treatment... 47 // 2.23 Prognosis... 48 // 2.3 Patent Ductus Arteriosus... 48 // 2.3.1 Physiology... 48 // 2.3.2 Causes. Incidence, and Symptoms... 49 // 23.3 Diagnosis... 49 // 2.3.4 Treatment... 49 // 2.3.5 Prognosis... ?, // 2.4 Pulmonary Valve Stenosis... 50 // 2.4.1 Evaluation... 50 // 2.4.2 Treatment... jj // 2.5 Co;trciaiion of the Aorta... 5I // 23.1 Incidence, Signs, and Symptoms... 52 // 2.5.2 Imaging and Diagnosis... 52 // 2.53 Treatment... 53 // 2.5.4 Prognosis... 53 // 2.6 Atrioventricular Septal Defect... 53 // 2.6.1 Pathophysiology... 54 // 2.6.2 Treatment... 54 // 2.7 Tetralogy of Fallot... 55 // 2.7.1 Causes. Incidence, and Symptoms... 55 // 2.7.2 Palliative Surgery... 55 // 2.7.3 Total Surgical Repair... 50 // 2.7.4 Prognosis... 50 // 2.8 Transposition of the Great Vessels... 57 // 2.8.1 Dextro-Transposition of the Great Arteries... 57 // 2.8.2 Levo-Transposition of the Great Arteries... 57 // 2.8-3 Causes. Incidence, and Symptoms... 5g // 2.8.4 Treatment... 5g // 2.8.5 Prognosis... 5g // 2.9 Tricuspid Atresia... 59 // 2.9.1 Treatment... 59 // 2.9.2 Prognosis... 59 // 2.IOTotal Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return... 00 // 2.10.1 Variations... 0(1 // 2.10.2 Pathophysiology... 00 // 2.10.3 Treatment... 00 // 2.11 Truncus Aneriosus... 01 // 2.11.1 Treatment... 01 // 2.12 Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome... 01 // 2.12.1 Symptoms... 02 // 2.12.2 Treatment... 02 // 2.12.3
Prognosis... 02 // 2.13 Pulmonary Atresia... 03 // 2.13.1 Treatiwnt... 03 // 2.13.2 Prognosis... 04 // 2.14 Ebstein’s Anomaly... 04 // 2.14.1 Symplonis... 64 // 2.142Trcaimcni... 65 // 2.14JPtognoMS... 65 // 2.15 Vascular Rings ... 65 // 2.15.1 Incidence and Causes... 65 // 2.152 Symptoms... 66 // 2.15.3 Treatment... 66 // Valvular Heart Disease... 67 // 3.1 Aortic Valve Disease... 67 // 3.1.1 Anatomy... 67 // 3.1.2 Aonic Stenosis... 68 // 3.13 Aortic Regurgitation ... 70 // 3.1.4 Prostlresis Selection... 72 // 3.13 Technique of Operation... 74 // 3.1.6 Operative Mortality... 76 // 3.1.7 Long-Term Survival... 76 // 3.1.8 Valve-Related Complications... 76 // 3.2 Mitral Valve Disease... 78 // 3.2.1 Anatomy... 78 // 32.2 Mitral Stenosis... 78 // 323 Mitral Regurgitation... H4 // 33 Tricuspid Valve Disease... 89 // 33.1 Anatomy... 89 // 332 ütiology... 89 // 333 Tricuspid Regurgitation... 89 // 33.4 Tricuspid Stenosis ... 90 // 3.3.5 Surgery... 90 // 33.6 Results... 92 // 3.4 Infective Endocarditis... 92 // Ischemic Heart Disease... 95 // 4.1 Pathogenesis... 95 // 4.1.1 Role of Fixed Coronary Obstructions ... 95 // 4.1.2 Role of Acute Plaque Change ... 95 // 4.2 Chronic Coronary Artery Disease... 96 // 4.2.1 Symptoms... 96 // 4.2.2 Preoperative Evaluation... 96 // 423 Indication for Surgery... 97 // 4.2.4 Surgical Procedure... 97 // 42.5 Outcomes... 101 // 4.3 Unstable Angina... 103 // 4.4 Ischemic Myocardial Injury ... 103 // 4.4.1 Progression of Damage ... 104 // 4.4.2 Effects
of Reperfusion... 104 // 4.4.3 Revascularization in Acute Myocardial Infarction ... 105 // 4.5 Mechanical Complications of Myocardial Infarction... 107 // 4.5.1 Free-Wall Rupture... 108 // 4.5.2 Post-Infarction Ventricular Septal Defect... 109 // 4.53 Papillary Muscle Rupture... 109 // 4.5.4 Aneurysmal Fonnation... 109 // 4.53 Ventricular Remodeling... 110 // Pericardial Disease... 111 // 5.1 Pericarditis... III // 5.1.1 Etiology... HI // 5.1.2 Classification... 112 // 5.1.3 Signs and Symptoms... 112 // 5.1.4 Physical Lxaminalions... 112 // 5.1.5 Cardiac Tamponade ... Hj // 5.1.6 Diagnosis... Uj // 5.1.7 Trcanncni... ?? // 5.2 Consiriclivc pcricardiiis... ,14 // 5.2.1 Etiology... 114 // 5.2.2 Pathophysiology... 114 // 523 Diagnosis... ?4 // 5 .4 Oinical Features... // 5.2-5 Treatment... U5 // 53 Acute Cardiac Tamponade... 115 // 5.3.1 Clinical landings... // 53.2 Investigations... // 5.3.3 Variant Forms of Cardiac Tamponade... 117 // 5.3.4 Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade... 117 // 6 Cardiac ’l\\imors... 11 g // 6.1 Primary Benign Tumors... 118 // 6.1.1 Myxoma ... ?8 // 6.1.2 Lipoma ... I2y // 6.13 Papillary Hbroelastoma ... I2o // 6.1.4 Rhabdomyoma ... I2i // 6.1.5 Fibroma... I2| // 6.1.6 Mesothelioma of the atrioventricular node... 122 // 6.1.7 Phcochromocytoma ... 122 // 6.1.8 Paraganglioma ... 122 // 6.1.9 Hemangioma... P2 // 6.1.10 Teratoma... ,2? // 6.1.11 Cast leman Tumor... 12? // 6.2 Primary Malignant Tumors... 123 // 6.2.1 Angiosarcoma... 124 // 6.2.2 Malignant
Fibrous Histiocytoma ... 124 // 6.2.3 Rhabdomyosarcoma... I24 // 6.2.4 Other Sarcomas and Mesenchymal-Origin Tumors... 124 // 63.5 Lymphomas ... 125 // 63.6 Pulmonary Artery Sarcomas... 125 // 6.2.7 Heart Transplantation... 125 // 6.3 Secondar)’ Metastatic Tumors... 12<j // 6.4 Right Atrial Extension of Subdiaphragmatic Tumors... 126 // 6.5 Carcinoid Heart Disease... 127 // 6-5.1 Clinical Presentation... 127 // 6-5.2 Diagnosis... I2g // 6.53 Treatment... pg // 6.5.4 Surgical and Interventional Treatment... pg // 7 Traumatic Heart Disease... ?? // 7.1 Penetrating Cardiac Trauma... p9 // 7.1.1 Prehospital Management... 130 // 7.1.2 Initial Assessment... 130 // 7.13 Cardiac Tamponade... 13 j // 7.1.4 Perioperative Management... 131 // 7.1.5 Postoperative Complications... 132 // 7.2 Blunt Cardiac Trauma... 132 // 7.2.1 Mechanisms and Types of Injury... 132 // 73.2 Natural History... I33 // 73.3 Diagnosis... 133 // 7.2.4 Assessment and Management... 133 // 7 J Thoracic Aorta ami Arch Vessel Blunt Trauma... 134 // 73.1 Diagnosis... 134 // 733 Assessment and Management... 135 // 7.4 Conunotio Cordis... 136 // 7.4.1 Epidemiology... 136 // 7.4.2 Outcome... 137 // 7.43 Preventive Strategies ... 137 // 8 Pulmonary Embolism... ’38 // 8.1 Signs and Syni|Moms ... 138 // 8.2 Diagnosis... 139 // 83.1 Blood Tests... 139 // 833 Non-lnvasivc Imaging... 140 // 833 Other Tests... ’40 // 83 Treatment... I-*! // 83.1 Anticoagulation... 141 // 8.3.2 Thrombolysis... 141 // 833 Surgery... 142 // 83.4 Inferior
Vena Cava Filter... 142 // 833 Prognosis... 142 // 8.4 Pulmonary Thrombocndaitcrectomy... 142 // 9 Surgery of Arrhythmias... 144 // 9.1 Conduction System Anatomy... 144 // 9.1.1 Sinus Node and Atrium ... 144 // 9.13 Atrioventricular Node ... 144 // 9.13 Mis-Purkinje System and Ventricles... 145 // 9.1.4 Abnormal Connections ... 145 // 9.2 Pathophysiology... 145 // 9.2.1 Abnormal Pulse Formation... 145 // 9.23 Abnormal Pulse Conduction... 146 // 9.2.3 Arrhythmias... 146 // 93 Noninvasi ve Diagnostic Methods... 146 // 9.4 Invasive Diagnostic Methods... 146 // 9.4.1 Electrophysiologic Study... 146 // 9.4.2 Endocardial Mapping... 147 // 93 Therapeutic Choices... 147 // 9.5.1 Pharmacologic... 147 // 9.53 Pacemakers ... 148 // 933 Catheter Ablation... 148 // 9.5.4 Implantable Defibrillators ... 149 // 9.53 Surgery... ’49 // 9.6 Atrial Fibrillation ... I*1 // 9.6.1 Surgical Indications... 131 // 9.63 Surgical Technique... 131 // 10 The Heart Transplantation ... 133 // IO.I History... 133 // 103 The Cardiac Recipient... 134 // 10.2.1 Etiology of End-Stage Cardiac Failure... 134 // 10.2.2 Indications for Cardiac Transplantation... 134 // 10.2.3 Contraindications for Cardiac Transplantation... 134 // 103.4 Management of Recipient... 135 // 103 The Cardiac Donor... 136 // 103.1 Donor Heart Procurement... 136 // 1033 Donor-Recipient Matching... 136 // 10.4 Surgery ... 137 // 10.4.1 Orthotopic Heart Transplantation... 157 // 10.4.2 Hcicroiopic Heart Transplantation... 157 // 103 Postoperative
Management... 157 // 103.1 Intermediate Care Unit and Convalescent Ward ... 158 // 103.2Outpatient Follow-up... 158 // 10.6 Immunosuppressive Therapy... 158 // 10.6.1 Immunosuppressive Strategics... 158 // 10.7 Complications... 159 // 10.7.1 Acute Rejection... 159 // 10.7.2 Infectious Complications... 159 // 10.7.3 Allograft Coronary Artery Disease... 159 // 10.7.4 Renal Dysfunction... 160 // 10.73 Hypertension... 160 // 10.7.6 Malignancy... 160 // 10.7.7 Other Chronic Complications... 160 // 10.7.8 Retransplantation... 160 // 10.8 Results... 161 // 11 The Extracorporeal Circulation and Cardiac Support... 162 // 11.1 Cardiopulmonary bypass... 162 // 11.1.1 Components... 162 // 11.1.2 Conduct of Cardiopulmonary Bypass... 166 // 11.13 Stopping Cardiopulmonary Bypass... 170 // 11.1.4 Complications... 170 // 11.13 Results... 171 // 11.2 Cardiac Support Devices... 171 // 11.2.1 Short-Term Mechanical Support ... 171 // 11.2.2 Long-Tenn Mechanical Support ... 173 // 11.2.3 Complications ... 175 // 11.2.4 Clinical Results... 176 // VASCULAR SURGERY (Milan Krajicek. Pavel Šebesta) // 1 The Principles of Vascular Surgery... 181 // 1.1 Medical examination... 181 // 1.2 Objective methods... 183 // 13 Technical survey... 184 // 1.3.1 Suturing... 184 // 13.2 Anastomoses ... 185 // 1.4 Vascular Substitutes... 186 // 1.4.1 Biological Vascular Substitutes... 186 // 1.4.2 Artificial Vascular Substitutes Vascular Prostheses... 186 // 1.5 Basic Rules of Vascular Surgery... 187 // 1.6 Complications...
188 // 1.6.1 Early Complications... 188 // 1.6.2 Nonvascular Complications... 188 // 1.63 Late Complications... 188 // 2 The Oedussive Arterial Diseases... 189 // 2.1 Branches of Arcus Aortae... 191 // 2.1.1 The Arteries Supplying the Brain... 191 // 2.1.2 Ischemic Disease of the Brain... 191 // 2.2 Abdominal aorta... 198 // 2.2.1 Embolism... 198 // 2.2.2 Coarctation of iIk Abdominal Aorta... 201 // 23.3 Hypoplasia of the Abdominal Aorta... 201 // 2.2.4 Arteriosclerosis of lite Aortoiliac Segment... 201 // 23 Iliac Arteries... 206 // 2.4 Inrrainguinal Arteries... // 2.4.1 Reconstruction of the Common and Deep lcmoral Artery... // 2.4.2 Infrainguinal Bypass... // 2.4.3 Pcmoropoplileal Proximal Bypass... // 2.4.4 lx*moropoplitcal Distal Bypass... // 245 I’cmorocrural Bypass... // 2.4.6 Critical Limb Ischemia... // 2.4.7 Diabetic Foot... // 25 Visceral Arteries... // 25.1 Occlusions of the Splanchnic Arteries... // 252 Renal Arteries... // 2.6 The Arteries of the Upper Uxtremity... // 25.1 Sudden Occlusion... // 252 Gradual Ischemia... // 3 Aneurysms... // 3.1 Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms... // 3.2 Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm... // 3.3 Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm... // 3.4 Thoracic Aortic Dissection. Acute Aortic Syndrome... // 35 Iliac. Femoral and Popliteal Artery Aneurysms... // 35 Conclusions... // 4 fhe Disorders of the Venous System... // 4.1 The Veins of the Lower Extremities... // 4.2 Thrombosis of the Deep Veins ... // 43 The Disorders of the Connecting Veins (Perforators)...
// 4.4 The Insufficiency of the Deep Veins of the Lower Extremities... // 45 Varicose veins... // 45.1 Primary Varicose Veins... // 45.2 Secondary varicose veins... // 4.6 The Syndrome of the Vena Cava Superior... // 4.7 Axillosubclavian Thrombosis... // 4.8 Inferior Vena Cava ... // 5 The Arteriovenous Fistulas... // 5.1 Congenital Arteriovenous Fistulas... // 5.2 Acquired Arteriovenous Fistulas... // 6 Vascular Injury...•••• // 6.1 Specific Considerations According to the Anatomical Location of Vessel Injury // 6.1.1 Cervical Vascular Injuries... // 6.1.2 Thoracic Vascular Injuries... // 6.1.3 Abdominal Vascular Injuries... // 6.1.4 Extremity Vascular Trauma... // 6.15 Iatrogenic Injuries... // 6.2 Conclusions... // 7 The Vascular Access Procedures for Hemodialysis... // 7.1 The Types of Permanent Vascular Access... // 7.2 Complications... // 206 // 207 // 208 208 // 209 // 210 211 211 212 // 213 // 214 // 215 // 215 // 216 219 219 228 231 // 233 // 234 // 235 // 236 236 // 238 // 239 // 240 // 241 // 242 // 242 // 243 // 243 // 244 // 245 // 245 // 246 248 253 253 253 255 255 // 257 // 258 260 260 261 // Abbreviations // 263

Zvolte formát: Standardní formát Katalogizační záznam Zkrácený záznam S textovými návěštími S kódy polí MARC