Herbs and spices are among the most versatile ingredients in food processing, and alongside their sustained popularity as flavourants and colourants they are increasingly being used for their natural preservative and potential health-promoting properties. An authoritative new edition in two volumes, Handbook of herbs and spices provides a comprehensive guide to the properties, production and application of a wide variety of commercially-significant herbs and spices. Volume 1 begins with an introduction to herbs and spices, discussing their definition, trade and applications. Both the quality specifications for herbs and spices and the quality indices for spice essential oils are reviewed in detail, before the book goes on to look in depth at individual herbs and spices, ranging from basil to vanilla. Each chapter provides detailed coverage of a single herb or spice and begins by considering origins, chemical composition and classification. The cultivation, production and processing of the specific herb or spice is then discussed in detail, followed by analysis of the main uses, functional properties and toxicity. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the new edition of Handbook of herbs and spices are an essential reference for manufacturers using herbs and spices in their products. They also provide valuable information for nutritionists and academic researchers. Provides a comprehensive guide to the properties, production and application of a wide variety of commercially-significant herbs and spicesBegins with a discussion of the definition, trade and applications of herbs and spicesReviews the quality specifications for herbs and spices and examines the quality indices for spice essential oils..
Technology and Nutrition; 1 Introduction to herbs and spices: definitions, trade and applications; 1.1 Definitions; 1.2 Trade in herbs and spices and trends in their use; 1.3 Herbs and spices in traditional medicine; 1.4 Herbs and spices in the food and beverage industries; 1.5 Herbs and spices in the cosmetics and perfumery industries; 1.6 Modern research into the medicinal and nutraceutical properties of herbs and spices; 1.7 Production of quality herbs and spices1.8 The structure of this book; 1.9 Sources of further information; 1.10 References; Appendix 1; Appendix 2; 2 Quality specifications for herbs and spices; 2.1 Introduction: defining quality; 2.2 Major international quality specifications; 2.3 Product-specific quality parameters; 2.4 World spice organisations; 2.5 Quality management system (QMS); 2.6 Environmental safety: ISO 14001; 2.7 Sources of further information; 2.8 References; Appendix 1: Recommended analytical methods; 3 Quality indices for spice essential oils; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Major chemical constituents of spice essential oils3.3 The problem of adulteration; 3.4 Future trends; 3.5 References; 4 Basil; 4.1 Introduction: the origin of basil; 4.2 Chemical composition of the basil plant; 4.3 Production of basil; 4.4 Post-harvest handling and production of basil; 4.5 Main uses of basil; 4.6 Functional properties of basil; 4.7 Quality issues and toxicity; 4.8 References; 5 Bay leaves; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Cultivation, production and processing of bay leaves; 5.3 Chemical composition of bay leaves; 5.4 Functional properties of bay leaves; 5.5 Quality issues; 5.6 References6 Black pepper; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Production and international trade of black pepper; 6.3 The black pepper plant and its varieties; 6.4 Cultivation of black pepper; 6.5 Chemical composition of black pepper; 6.6 Quality issues; 6.7 Industrial processing and value addition;
6.8 Functional properties of black pepper; 6.9 Use of black pepper in food; 6.10 Conclusion; 6.11 Source of further information; 6.12 References; 7 Capsicum cultivars; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Production of capsicum cultivars; 7.3 Main uses in food processing; 7.4 Functional properties and toxicity; 7.5 Quality issues7.6 References; 8 Cardamom; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Classification of cardamon; 8.3 Genetic improvement and varieties; 8.4 Production of cardamom: horticultural technologies and nursery management; 8.5 Production of cardamom: planting and aftercare; 8.6 Harvesting and post-harvest processing; 8.7 Other value-added products from cardamom; 8.8 Chemical structure and characteristics; 8.9 Major uses of cardamom; 8.10 Quality standards and grade specifications; 8.11 Conclusion; 8.12 References; 9 Chives; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Chemical composition and nutritional value;