On the occasion of the 600th anniversary of the death of Charles IV in 1978, Professor Emanuel Vlček, MD, DSc conducted research of the skeletal remains of the Pater patriae, which brought a number of surprising findings, important to a whole range of scientific disciplines at Charles University, and cast light on significant events in Charles’ life as well as on the cause of his death. The research has presented this prominent ruler as a human being, an ordinary mortal, suffering from many injuries and chronic diseases with which he was coping with indefatigable will, keeping in mind his commitments to God and Kingdom of Bohemia. It may be that all the pain and suffering also influenced his spirituality and his efforts to find salvation by attempting to realize his concept of the supreme being (Imitatio Christi). The results of the research by Professor Vlček have been repeatedly published, but until now we have had no representative publication in English. The forthcoming celebrations of the 700th anniversary of Charles’ birth offer an opportunity to fill this gap..
Contents // Preface /7 // Physical and personality traits of Charles IV, // Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia // A medical-anthropological investigation /9 // Demographic data /11 // Hereditary signs on the skeleton /11 // The appearance of Charles IV /11 // Blood group serology tests /12 // Embalming of the body of Charles IV /12 // Information provided by the skeletal remains of Charles IV /15 // The skull /15 // Reconstruction of the Emperor’s appearance /17 // The build of Charles IV /20 // State of health of Charles IV /23 // First serious disease of Charles IV in 1350 /24 // Second serious disease of Charles IV in 1371 /26 // Chronic gout of Emperor Charles IV /26 // Eye disease /28 // Injuries to the skeleton of Charles IV /29 // Fractures of the maxillofacial skeleton /29 // Spinal injuries /31 // Incised wounds on the face /33 // Blunt injuries to the skull and facial skeleton /34 // Injuries to long bones of limbs /35 // The cause of death of Charles IV /37 // Conclusion /39 // Appendix 1 / Research update /41 // Apendix 2 / Composition of expert panel /45 // Emanuel Vlcek - the Emperors anthropologist /49 // Acknowledgements /55