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Bibliografická citace

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BK
6th edition
Los Angeles ; London ; New Delhi ; Singapore ; Washington DC ; Melbourne : SAGE, [2018]
xli, 653 stran : ilustrace ; 24 cm

objednat
ISBN 978-1-5264-4564-3 (vázáno)
ISBN 978-1-5264-4565-0 (brožováno)
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Terminologický slovník
Obsahuje bibliografie a rejstříky
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Contents // List of Boxes xiv // List of Figures xxii // List of Tables xxiii // List of Case Studies XXV // About the Author xxviii // Preface to the Sixth Edition xxix // Guide to this Book XX xi // The Approach of this Book XX xi // The Structure of the Book xxxii // Special Features of the Book XXXV // How to Use this Book XXX ix // Discover the Online Resources xl // PART 1 FOUNDATIONS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH // 1 Why and How to Do Qualitative Research 3 // The Relevance of Qualitative Research 3 // Research Questions as a Starting Point 4 // Limitations of Quantitative Research 5 // Essential Features 6 // A Brief History of Qualitative Research 9 // Qualitative Research at the End of Modernity 13 // Landmarks in Qualitative Research: A Checklist 14 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 15 // 2 The Qualitative-Quantitative Distinction 18 // Relations of Qualitative and Quantitative Research 18 // Linking Qualitative and Quantitative Research in One Design 22 // Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Data 25 // Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods 26 // Linking Qualitative and Quantitative Results 26 // Research Evaluation and Generalization 27 // Mixed-methods Research 28 // Methods’ Appropriateness as a Point of Reference 29 // Deciding Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research: A Checklist 30 // vi // AN INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for // Planning Your Project 31
// 3 Theoretical Frameworks 34 // Positivism 35 // Constructionism 36 // Construction of Knowledge 37 // Feminism 38 // Research Perspectives 40 // Symbolic Interactionism 41 // Ethnomethodology 44 // Structuralist Models 46 // Rivalry of Paradigms or Triangulation of Perspectives 48 // Common Features of the Different Positions 49 // Guideline Questions for Locating Procedures in Theoretical // Frameworks: A Checklist 51 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for // Planning Your Project 52 // 4 Methods and Data in Qualitative Research 56 // Research Programmes in Qualitative Research 56 // Major Methods and Types of Data 60 // General Issues 63 // Locating a Study in the Field: A Checklist 63 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 64 // 5 Texts as Data in Qualitative Research 67 // Text and Realities 68 // Text as World Making: First-degree and Second-degree Constructions 69 // Social Constructions as Starting Points 70 // World Making in the Text: Mimesis 71 // Mimesis: Biography and Narrative 74 // Relations between Text and Social World: A Checklist 77 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 78 // PART 2 RESEARCH DESIGN 81 // 6 Formulating a Research Question 83 // Origins of Research Questions 84 // Cutting Questions to Size 86 // Specifying an Area of Interest and Delimiting the Issue 86 // Sensitizing Concepts and the Triangulation of Perspectives 87 // Types of Research Questions 88 // Good and
Bad Research Questions 92 // Research Questions and Practice 93 // CONTENTS // vii // Research Questions: A Checklist 94 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 95 // 7 Choosing and Constructing the Research Design // How to Plan and Construct Designs in Qualitative Research 98 // Shortcut Strategies 102 // Online Qualitative Research 103 // Basic Designs in Qualitative Research 107 // Case Studies 107 // Comparative Studies 109 // Retrospective Studies 111 // Snapshots: Analysis of State and Process at the Time of the Investigation 113 // Longitudinal Studies 115 // Starting Points for Selecting a Research Design 117 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 117 // Research Designs: A Checklist 119 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 121 // 8 Planning the Process in Qualitative Research 124 // Research as Linear Process 125 // The Concept of Process in Grounded Theory Research 125 // Linearity and Circularity of the Process 127 // Theories in the Research Process as Versions of the World 127 // The Research Process in Qualitative Research in General 130 // Process in Qualitative Research: A Checklist 131 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 131 // 9 Ethics of Doing Qualitative Research 134 // The Need for Ethics in Research 134 // Codes of Ethics 136 // Ethics Committees 139 // How to Act Ethically 140 // Qualitative Research Ethics - Necessary for Better Research 146
// Ethical Issues: A Checklist 146 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 147 // 10 Using The Existing Literature 150 // How and When to Use the Literature 150 // How to Use the Theoretical Literature 151 // How to Use Theories 152 // How to Use the Empirical Literature 153 // How to Use the Methodological Literature 154 // How to Use the Literature When Writing about Your Study 155 // Where to Search the Literature 156 // viii // AN INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH // How to Search the Literature 156 // Doing Literature Reviews: A Checklist 157 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 158 // 11 Entering the Field // The Problem of Access 161 // Role Definitions When Entering an Open Field 162 // Access to Institutions 163 // Access to Individuals 165 // Strangeness and Familiarity 166 // Strategies of Gaining Access - Examples 168 // Field Access: A Checklist 169 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 170 // 12 Sampling 173 // Frameworks of Sampling for Data Collection 173 // Defining the Sample Structure Beforehand 174 // Defining the Sample Structure Step by Step 176 // Sampling Step by Step as a General Principle 179 // Purposive Sampling 180 // Aims of Sampling: Width or Depth 182 // Case Constitution in the Sample 183 // Sampling Decisions in the Research Process 185 // Qualitative Sampling: A Checklist 186 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your
Project 187 // 13 Extending Qualitative Designs with Triangulation 190 // Types and Definition of Triangulation 191 // Triangulation Step by Step 193 // Issues Arising from Applying Triangulation 198 // Triangulation as Systematization of Qualitative Methods 199 // Triangulation: A Checklist 200 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 201 // PART 3 VERBAL DATA 203 // 14 Collecting Verbal Data 205 // What Are Verbal Data? 205 // Why Verbal Data? Aims and Target Groups 206 // Types of Verbal Data 207 // What Are Interviews? 209 // What Characterizes Narratives? 209 // What Are Focus Groups? 209 // Starting Points for Selecting an Approach for Collecting Verbal Data 209 // CONTENTS ix // Collecting Verbal Data: A Checklist 212 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 213 // 15 Doing Interviews 216 // How to Conduct Interviews 217 // The Focused Interview 220 // The Semi-standardized Interview 226 // The Problem-centred Interview 232 // Expert and Elite Interviews 236 // The Ethnographic Interview 241 // Online Interviewing 243 // How to Analyse Interviews 246 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 247 // Doing Interviews: A Checklist 248 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 250 // 16 Doing Focus Groups 254 // Group Interviews 255 // Group Discussions 255 // Focus Groups 262 // Online Focus Groups 266 // How to Analyse Focus Groups 269 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches
271 // Doing Focus Groups: A Checklist 273 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 273 // 17 Using Narrative Data // Narratives: Why and How? Backgrounds and Approaches 277 // The Narrative Interview 279 // The Episodic Interview 287 // Between Biography and Episode 294 // Joint Narratives 294 // Criteria-based Comparison of Narrative Approaches of Collecting Data 296 // How to Analyse Narratives 297 // Small Narratives and Constructionist Analysis 302 // Using Narrative Data: A Checklist 304 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for // Planning Your Project 304 // PART 4 DATA BEYOND TALK 309 // 18 Collecting Data Beyond Talk 31 1 // Aims of Collecting Data Beyond Talk 312 // Types of Data Beyond Talk 312 // What Is Observation? 313 //  H 4 I l\\OU»l_K_ I ICH 4 IU l UOL-l irvi IV l_ IM_?_???_1 i // What Is Participant Observation? 313 // What Is Ethnography? 314 // What Is Virtual Ethnography? 314 // What Is Visual Qualitative Research? 315 // What Are Documents? 316 // What Are Digital Data? 316 // Starting Points for Selecting an Approach for Collecting Data Beyond Talk 317 // Data Beyond Talk: A Checklist 319 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 321 // 19 Observation and Ethnography 324 // Observation 325 // Participant Observation 329 // Ethnography 336 // Writing Field Notes 340 // Virtual Ethnography 342 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 346 // Analysing Observations and Ethnographies
348 // Doing Observation and Ethnography: A Checklist 348 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 349 // 20 Visual Data: Photography, Film and Video 354 // Photographs as an Instrument and Object of Research 354 // Film Analysis as an Instrument of Research 362 // Video Analysis in Qualitative Research 366 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 370 // Using Visual Data: A Checklist 371 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 372 // 21 Using Documents as Data 375 // What Characterizes Documents? 376 // Using Documents as Data: More than Textual Analysis 378 // Selecting Documents 378 // Constructing a Corpus 379 // The Practicalities of Using Documents 380 // How to Analyse Documents 382 // Analysing Internet Documents 383 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 385 // Working with Documents: A Checklist 386 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 387 // 22 Digital and Social Media Research 390 // Social Media and Their Relevance 391 // Research Questions in Social Media Research 392 // xi // How to Plan and Construct Designs in Qualitative Social Media Research 393 // Data for (Qualitative) Social Media Research 394 // Collecting Digital and Social Media Data with Qualitative Methods 396 // Using Twitter for Qualitative Research 397 // Using Facebook for Qualitative Research 400 // Using Blogs for Qualitative Research 404 // Collecting Digital Data with Smartphones
408 // Combining Virtual and Traditional Qualitative Research Methods 410 // Methodological Issues 411 // Big Data as a Challenge and a Threat for Qualitative Research 412 // Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 412 // Digital and Social Media Research: A Checklist 414 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 414 // PART 5 QUALITATIVE DATA ANALYSIS 417 // 23 Analysing Qualitative Data 419 // Aims of Qualitative Data Analysis 419 // Definition - What Is Qualitative Data Analysis? 420 // Data Management 421 // Using Naturally Occurring or Solicited Data 421 // Methods or Data as Points of Reference 422 // What Is Coding? 423 // What Is Sequential Analysis? 423 // What Is Interpretation? 425 // Starting Points for Selecting an Approach for Qualitative Data Analysis 426 Criteria-based Comparison of the Approaches 426 // Methods of Qualitative Data Analysis: A Checklist 429 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 431 // 24 Transcription and Data Management 433 // Technological Progress and Problems of Recording Data 434 // Research Diaries 436 // Documentation Sheets 436 // Transcription 438 // Reality as Text: Text as New Reality 441 // Data Management 442 // Transcription and Data Management: A Checklist 444 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 445 // 25 Grounded Theory Coding 448 // Grounded Theory Methodology 448 // Key Steps towards Grounded Theory Analysis 450 // Grounded
Theory Analysis 453 // xii // AN INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH // Grounded Theory Coding: Ways and Versions 454 // Which Approach to Choose? 466 // Grounded Theory Coding: Integrated Approach or Starting Point? 469 // Grounded Theory Coding: A Checklist 469 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 470 // 26 Thematic Coding and Content Analysis 473 // Thematic Analysis 474 // Thematic Coding 476 // Qualitative Content Analysis 482 // Criteria-based Comparison of Approaches 488 // Thematic Coding and Qualitative Content Analysis: A Checklist 489 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 491 // 27 Using Naturally Occurring Data: Conversation, // Discourse and Hermeneutic Analysis 494 // Conversation Analysis 496 // Discourse Analysis 501 // Genre Analysis 505 // Objective Hermeneutics 507 // Social Science Hermeneutics and Hermeneutic Sociology of Knowledge 512 Criteria-based Comparison of Approaches to Naturally Occurring Data 513 Naturally Occurring Data: A Checklist 514 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 515 // 28 Using Software in Qualitative Data Analysis 519 // New Technologies: Hopes, Fears and Fantasies 519 // Ways of Using Software and Computers in Qualitative Research 520 // Why Use Software for Analysing Qualitative Data? 521 // History and State of Development of QDA Software 523 // Software for Analysing Qualitative Data: How to Choose? 524 // Examples: ATLAS.ti,
NVivo and MAXQDA 525 // How to Use Software in Qualitative Research 529 // Software’s Impact on Qualitative Research: Examples 530 // Recent Developments: CAQDAS 2.0 531 // Using CAQDAS: A Checklist 534 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 534 // PART 6 GROUNDING, WRITING AND OUTLOOK 537 // 29 Quality of Qualitative Research: Criteria and Beyond 539 // Selective Plausibilization 540 // Using Classical Criteria 54] // Alternative Criteria 547 // CONTENTS xiii // Traditional or Alternative Criteria: New Answers to Old Questions? 552 // Quality Assessment as a Challenge for Qualitative Research 554 // Quality Criteria or Strategies of Quality Assurance? 554 // Strategies of Generalization in Qualitative Research 555 // Process Evaluation and Quality Management 558 // Indication for Qualitative Research 560 // Selecting Qualitative Methods: A Checklist 563 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 566 // 30 Writing Qualitative Research 569 // Pragmatic Function of Writing: Presentation of Results 570 // Legitimizing Function of Writing 574 // Making Qualitative Research Relevant 577 // Reflexive Function of Writing 577 // Dissolution of Social Science into Styles of Writing? 578 // Writing about Qualitative Research: A Checklist 579 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 580 // 31 State of the Art and the Future // Qualitative Research Today 584 // Methodological Developments and
Trends 587 // How to Learn and How to Teach Qualitative Research 591 // The Future of Qualitative Research: Art or Method? 593 // Locating Your Research Project: A Checklist 594 // Exercises for Reflecting on the Chapter and for Planning Your Project 595 // Glossary 597 // References 608 // Author Index 636 // Subject Index 640

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