An outspoken opponent of pro-Russian, authoritarian, and far-right streams in contemporary Czech society, Martin C. Putna received a great deal of media attention when he ironically dedicated the Czech edition of Russ–Ukraine–Russia to Miloš Zeman—the pro-Russian president of the Czech Republic. This sense of irony, combined with an extraordinary breadth of scholarly knowledge, infuses Putna’s book. Examining key points in Russian cultural and spiritual history, Russ–Ukraine–Russia is essential reading for those wishing to understand the current state of Russia and Ukraine—the so-called heir to an “alternative Russia.” Putna uses literary and artistic works to offer a rich analysis of Russia as a cultural and religious phenomenon: tracing its development from the arrival of the Greeks in prehistoric Crimea to its invasion by “little green men” in 2014; explaining the cultural importance in Russ of the Vikings as well as Pussy Riot; exploring central Russian figures from St. Vladimir the Great to Vladimir Putin. Unique in its postcolonial perspective, this is not merely a history of Russia or of Russian religion. This book presents Russia as a complex mesh of national, religious, and cultural (especially countercultural) traditions—with strong German, Mongol, Jewish, Catholic, Polish, and Lithuanian influences—a force responsible for creating what we identify as Eastern Europe..
Introduction Czech Perspectives on the Cultural and Spiritual // Roots of Russia 9 // Russia before Russia: Antique Cultures along the Black Sea Coast 23 // Viking Rus and Germanic Culture 39 // Slavic Rus and Paganism 51 // Kievan Rus and Byzantine Christianity 65 // Mongolian Rus and Eurasianism 83 // Muscovite Rus and Third Rome 99 // Muscovite Spiritual Counterculture I: Nonpossessors, Orthodox Humanists, and Holy Fools 113 // Red Rus, Novgorodian Rus, and the "Window to Europe" 133 // Lithuanian Rus, the Russian Reformation, and the Russian Baroque 145 // Muscovite Spiritual Counterculture II: The Old Believers 159 // Petersburg Rus and Russian Secularization 177 // Ukrainian Rus and White Rus 195 // Jewish Rus 217 // Catholic Rus 235 // The Orthodox Restoration 259 // Orthodox Romanticism and Pan-Slavism 277 // Orthodox Reformism 303 // Revolutionary Rus and the Piety of the Godless 323 // Soviet Rus and the Renewal of the Orthodox Trinity 337 // Conclusion: New Struggles Over Old Rus 361 // Bibliography 375 // Index 397