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Bibliografická citace

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Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics, 2010
1 online zdroj
Externí odkaz    Plný text PDF 
   * Návod pro vzdálený přístup 

ISBN 9781492595458 (online)
ISBN 9781492576822 (PDF ebook)
ISBN 9780736069328 (print)
Obsahuje bibliografické odkazy
This comprehensive text outlines methods for assessing risk in and procedures for dealing with stress, eliminating hazards, and evaluating challenges posed in specific work or sport environments. It discusses issues such as the design of effective equipment, clothing, and playing surfaces; methods of assessing risk in situations; and staying within appropriate training levels to reduce fatigue and avoid overtraining. The text not only examines sport ergonomics but also discusses ergonomic considerations for physically active special populations. Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity explains what ergonomics is, how ergonomists solve practical problems in the workplace, and how principles of ergonomics are applied in the context of sport and other physical activities when solving practical problems related to human characteristics and capabilities. The text shows readers how to improve performance, achieve optimal efficiency, enhance comfort, and reduce injuries by exploring topics such as these: Essential concepts, terms, and principles of ergonomics and how these relate to physical activity; Physical properties of the body and the factors limiting performance Interactions between the individual, the task, and the environment Injury risk factors in relation to body mechanics in various physical activities; Injury prevention and individual protection in the review of sports equipment and sports environments; Comfort, efficiency, safety, and details of systems criteria in equipment design. This research-based text uses numerous practical examples, figures, charts, and graphs to bring the material to life. In addition, descriptions of technological advances show where we have been and how technology has advanced the field..
Preface -- Introduction -- Part I. Risk Factors -- Chapter 1. Physical Properties of Human Structures ; Monitoring Activity Demands ; Assessing Individual Characteristics ; Assessing Physiological Capabilities ; Assessing Mental Load ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 2. Health and Safety ; Injuries ; Predisposition to Injury ; Overtraining and Overreaching ; Immunosuppression ; Risk Assessment ; Risk Taking and Fun ; Spectator Safety ; Human Ethics and Risk ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 3. Environmental Stress ; Thermoregulation ; Altitude ; Air Quality ; Noise ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 4. Circadian Rhythms ; Training and Time of Day ; Sleep-Wake Cycle ; Travel Fatigue and Jet Lag ; Sleep Deprivation or Disruption ; Nocturnal Shift Work ; Overview and Summary -- Part II. Sport Ergonomics -- Chapter 5. Ergonomics Models and Training Modes in Sport and Leisure ; Fitting the Task to the Person ; Generic Models ; The Training Component ; Technological Training Aids ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 6. Competitive and Training Stress in Sport ; Physiological Loading ; Spinal Loading ; Physical Loading ; Psychological Loading ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 7. Sports Equipment and Playing Surfaces ; Sports Implements ; Sport Surfaces ; Sports Clothing ; Sport Shoes ; Protective Functions of Sports Equipment ; Personal Protective Equipment ; Overview and Summary -- Part III. Ergonomics in Physical Activities -- Chapter 8. Fitness for Work ; Military Personnel ; Prison Officers ; Police Officers ; Firefighters ; Bus Workers and Postal Workers ; Drivers ; Ambulance Workers ; Forestry Workers ; Beach Lifeguards ; Professional Divers ; Workplace Fitness Programs ; Overview and Summary --
Chapter 9. Special Populations ; Young People ; Women ; Elderly People ; Athletes With Disabilities ; Match Officials ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 10. Clinical Aspects ; Predispositions to Injury ; Musculoskeletal Loading ; Overreaching ; Warming Up and Cooling Down ; Recovery Process ; Prophylactic Measures ; Supplements in Clinical Contexts ; Artificial Neural Networks ; Overview and Summary -- Chapter 11. A Holistic and Nutritional Ergonomics Perspective ; Participatory Ergonomics ; Human Enhancement Technologies ; Performance and Cognitive Enhancement ; Historical Perspective on Drug Use ; From Clinic to Gymnasium ; Nutritional Supplements and Over-the-Counter Drugs ; Global Ergonomics ; Overview and Summary -- Afterword -- References -- Index -- About the Author

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