3-6. Trace element analysis of mineral waters (ppb) that appear in either appendix 3-4 or appendix 3-5 -- 4-1. Glossary of terms adapted from the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) (1993) -- 4-2. Chemical examples on the toxicology of drinking water standards -- 4-3. Suspected endocrine-disrupting chemicals -- 4-4. U.S. Geological Survey target compounds, national reconnaissance of emerging contaminants in U.S. streams (2000).
1. The water we drink: Natural water. Water and the public health -- 2. Water pollution: Human waste and pollution. Industrial pollution. Wastewater control and treatment. Nonpoint sources of water pollution. Pollution sources and water quality -- 3. Water protection: The basics of water supply. Basic water treatment. Beyond basic water treatment. An issue of equality. Chemical monitoring and warnings for regulated pollutants. The National drinking water contaminant occurrence database. Unregulated pollutants and monitoring regulations. Setting new drinking water standards. Why consumers should be concerned. Approaches to mitigate chemical exposure. Water pollution and risk ---
2-1. Dow industrial chemicals, solvents and dyes in 1938 -- 2-2. USEPA list of priority pollutants -- 2-3. Summary of surface water data -- 2-4. Summary of shallow groundwater data -- 2-5. Organic chemicals found in landfill leachate and gas -- 2-6. Unregulated pollutants discharged to or identified in water resources -- 2-7. Chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity -- 2-8. Regulated pesticides in food with residue tolerances -- 2-9. Comparison of chemicals required to be monitored in groundwater by RCRA -- 3-1. General drinking water monitoring and warning requirements (as of 2002) -- 3-2. National drinking water contaminant occurrence database: data on primary water quality standards (May 18, 2001) -- 3-3. National drinking water contaminant occurrence database: data on unregulated compounds -- 3-4. Examples of bottled mineral water chemistry -- 3-5. Examples of bottled water chemistry ---
4. Living with the risk of polluted water: The burden of proof. Permissible pollution. The dose makes the poison. Basic concepts of dose. Mechanism of toxicity. Biotransformation and detoxification. Toxicity and defining standards. Timing is everything. Endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Pharmaceutical pollutants. Pharmaceuticals detected in the environment. Living with risk. Population, pollution, risk, and precaution. The risk assessment process -- 5. Managing risk and drinking water quality: Learning from the past and present. Risk and economics. An alternative approach. Consumer-based protection. Potential action by the water industry. Potential governmental actions. An alternative risk management program -- Appendices: 1-1. Average elemental abundance in the earth’s crust -- 1-2. Chemical compounds with established water quality criteria--1952 -- 1-3. USEPA national recommended water quality criteria for freshwater and human consumption of water + organism: 2002 ---
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