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Bibliografická citace

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Cham : Springer International Publishing AG, 2019
1 online resource (223 pages)
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ISBN 9783030053185 (electronic bk.)
ISBN 9783030053178
The Springer Series on Challenges in Machine Learning Ser.
Print version: Hutter, Frank Automated Machine Learning Cham : Springer International Publishing AG,c2019 ISBN 9783030053178
Intro -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- Part I AutoML Methods -- 1 Hyperparameter Optimization -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Problem Statement -- 1.2.1 Alternatives to Optimization: Ensembling and Marginalization -- 1.2.2 Optimizing for Multiple Objectives -- 1.3 Blackbox Hyperparameter Optimization -- 1.3.1 Model-Free Blackbox Optimization Methods -- 1.3.2 Bayesian Optimization -- 1.3.2.1 Bayesian Optimization in a Nutshell -- 1.3.2.2 Surrogate Models -- 1.3.2.3 Configuration Space Description -- 1.3.2.4 Constrained Bayesian Optimization -- 1.4 Multi-fidelity Optimization -- 1.4.1 Learning Curve-Based Prediction for Early Stopping -- 1.4.2 Bandit-Based Algorithm Selection Methods -- 1.4.3 Adaptive Choices of Fidelities -- 1.5 Applications to AutoML -- 1.6 Open Problems and Future Research Directions -- 1.6.1 Benchmarks and Comparability -- 1.6.2 Gradient-Based Optimization -- 1.6.3 Scalability -- 1.6.4 Overfitting and Generalization -- 1.6.5 Arbitrary-Size Pipeline Construction -- Bibliography -- 2 Meta-Learning -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Learning from Model Evaluations -- 2.2.1 Task-Independent Recommendations -- 2.2.2 Configuration Space Design -- 2.2.3 Configuration Transfer -- 2.2.3.1 Relative Landmarks -- 2.2.3.2 Surrogate Models -- 2.2.3.3 Warm-Started Multi-task Learning -- 2.2.3.4 Other Techniques -- 2.2.4 Learning Curves -- 2.3 Learning from Task Properties -- 2.3.1 Meta-Features -- 2.3.2 Learning Meta-Features -- 2.3.3 Warm-Starting Optimization from Similar Tasks -- 2.3.4 Meta-Models -- 2.3.4.1 Ranking -- 2.3.4.2 Performance Prediction -- 2.3.5 Pipeline Synthesis -- 2.3.6 To Tune or Not to Tune? -- 2.4 Learning from Prior Models -- 2.4.1 Transfer Learning -- 2.4.2 Meta-Learning in Neural Networks -- 2.4.3 Few-Shot Learning -- 2.4.4 Beyond Supervised Learning -- 2.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography.
3 Neural Architecture Search -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Search Space -- 3.3 Search Strategy -- 3.4 Performance Estimation Strategy -- 3.5 Future Directions -- Bibliography -- Part II AutoML Systems -- 4 Auto-WEKA: Automatic Model Selection and Hyperparameter Optimization in WEKA -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Preliminaries -- 4.2.1 Model Selection -- 4.2.2 Hyperparameter Optimization -- 4.3 CASH -- 4.3.1 Sequential Model-Based Algorithm Configuration (SMAC) -- 4.4 Auto-WEKA -- 4.5 Experimental Evaluation -- 4.5.1 Baseline Methods -- 4.5.2 Results for Cross-Validation Performance -- 4.5.3 Results for Test Performance -- 4.6 Conclusion -- 4.6.1 Community Adoption -- Bibliography -- 5 Hyperopt-Sklearn -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Background: Hyperopt for Optimization -- 5.3 Scikit-Learn Model Selection as a Search Problem -- 5.4 Example Usage -- 5.5 Experiments -- 5.6 Discussion and Future Work -- 5.7 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- 6 Auto-sklearn: Efficient and Robust Automated MachineLearning -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 AutoML as a CASH Problem -- 6.3 New Methods for Increasing Efficiency and Robustness of AutoML -- 6.3.1 Meta-learning for Finding Good Instantiations of Machine Learning Frameworks -- 6.3.2 Automated Ensemble Construction of Models Evaluated During Optimization -- 6.4 A Practical Automated Machine Learning System -- 6.5 Comparing Auto-sklearn to Auto-WEKA and Hyperopt-Sklearn -- 6.6 Evaluation of the Proposed AutoML Improvements -- 6.7 Detailed Analysis of Auto-sklearn Components -- 6.8 Discussion and Conclusion -- 6.8.1 Discussion -- 6.8.2 Usage -- 6.8.3 Extensions in PoSH Auto-sklearn -- 6.8.4 Conclusion and Future Work -- Bibliography -- 7 Towards Automatically-Tuned Deep Neural Networks -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Auto-Net 1.0 -- 7.3 Auto-Net 2.0 -- 7.4 Experiments -- 7.4.1 Baseline Evaluation of Auto-Net 1.0 and Auto-sklearn.
7.4.2 Results for AutoML Competition Datasets -- 7.4.3 Comparing AutoNet 1.0 and 2.0 -- 7.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- 8 TPOT: A Tree-Based Pipeline Optimization Toolfor Automating Machine Learning -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Methods -- 8.2.1 Machine Learning Pipeline Operators -- 8.2.2 Constructing Tree-Based Pipelines -- 8.2.3 Optimizing Tree-Based Pipelines -- 8.2.4 Benchmark Data -- 8.3 Results -- 8.4 Conclusions and Future Work -- Bibliography -- 9 The Automatic Statistician -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Basic Anatomy of an Automatic Statistician -- 9.2.1 Related Work -- 9.3 An Automatic Statistician for Time Series Data -- 9.3.1 The Grammar over Kernels -- 9.3.2 The Search and Evaluation Procedure -- 9.3.3 Generating Descriptions in Natural Language -- 9.3.4 Comparison with Humans -- 9.4 Other Automatic Statistician Systems -- 9.4.1 Core Components -- 9.4.2 Design Challenges -- 9.4.2.1 User Interaction -- 9.4.2.2 Missing and Messy Data -- 9.4.2.3 Resource Allocation -- 9.5 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Part III AutoML Challenges -- 10 Analysis of the AutoML Challenge Series 2015-2018 -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Problem Formalization and Overview -- 10.2.1 Scope of the Problem -- 10.2.2 Full Model Selection -- 10.2.3 Optimization of Hyper-parameters -- 10.2.4 Strategies of Model Search -- 10.3 Data -- 10.4 Challenge Protocol -- 10.4.1 Time Budget and Computational Resources -- 10.4.2 Scoring Metrics -- 10.4.3 Rounds and Phases in the 2015/2016 Challenge -- 10.4.4 Phases in the 2018 Challenge -- 10.5 Results -- 10.5.1 Scores Obtained in the 2015/2016 Challenge -- 10.5.2 Scores Obtained in the 2018 Challenge -- 10.5.3 Difficulty of Datasets/Tasks -- 10.5.4 Hyper-parameter Optimization -- 10.5.5 Meta-learning -- 10.5.6 Methods Used in the Challenges -- 10.6 Discussion -- 10.7 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Correction to: Neural Architecture Search.
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