Print version: Muller, Miriam M. A Spectre is Haunting Arabia Bielefeld : transcript,c2015 ISBN 9783837632255
Cover -- Content -- Abbreviations (German and English) -- Preface -- A. ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK -- Chapter 1. Then and Now: Why the Past of Yemen’s South and the GDR’s Role in it matter -- 1. An Analysis of the GDR’s Foreign Policy - A Fruitless Endeavor? -- 2. Puzzle, Hypotheses, and Structure - How the Research Question generates the Analytical Approach -- Chapter 2. State of Research: The Selection of Sources for an Interdisciplinary Project -- 1. History of a Divided Germany’s Foreign Policy: Asymmetric Endeavors and Availability of Sources -- 2. Secondary Sources in Focus I: Germany’s Divided History and Foreign Policy -- 3. Secondary Sources in Focus II: Cold War Studies, the Middle East and Modern Yemen -- 4. Primary Sources: Between Archival and Personal Depths -- Chapter 3. Analytical Approach: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Foreign Policy -- 1. Foreign Policy - Where the Nation State ends -- 2. How to assess Foreign Policy: Tools and Criteria -- 3. Foreign Policy ends at the other State’s Sovereignty -- 4. The major Hypothesis: The GDR’s Foreign Policy as a Policy of State- and Nation-Building -- B. ANALYSIS -- PART I - The GDR as a Foreign Policy Actor -- Chapter 4. Squeezed between Bonn and Moscow: The GDR’s Foreign Policy - An Overview -- 1. Political Prologue: The Cards are shuffled anew - Two German States and the Rules of the Cold War -- 2. Priorities from the "Phase of Recognition" to the "High Times of Diplomacy" -- Chapter 5. Phase I - Between Internal Consolidation and International Recognition -- 1. The Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact: In the Beginning there was Moscow -- 2. Bonn - A Permanent Benchmark? The GDR’s Attempt to promote itself as the "Alternative Germany" -- 3. On the "Road to Recognition": The Turning-Point of East German Foreign Policy.
1. Aden hovering between the Peak and Abyss of its Political and Economic Development -- 2. Aden - A Soviet "First-Priority Goal" in the Arab World -- 3. Consolidation and Continuity of East German Socialist Nation- and State-Building: How the GDR’s foreign policy tied in with the YSP’s approach -- 4. Conclusion: East-German Engagement Swings from Enthusiasm to Disillusion -- Chapter 14. Phase IV: The Phase of Neglect from 1986 to 1990 - The "Ice Age" of relations and the End of Socialist State-Building -- 1. Internal Developments: The Last Throes of a Wounded and Dying State -- 2. "Soviet dilemma at the Gate of Tears": Between Influence, Imposition and Lack of Control -- 3. The Caesura of 1986 and its Aftermath during the Phase of Rejection: SED-State or Honecker-Centered Policy? -- 4. Conclusion: Belated and Unfortunate Self-Confidence: East-Berlin wanders off the Soviet Course -- C. FINDINGS -- Chapter 15. On the External and Internal Empirical "Limits" of East German Foreign Policy -- 1. External Determinants of East German Foreign Policy -- 2. Internal Limits of Foreign Policy: Between Economic Exhaustion, "Double Standards" and Political Friction -- Chapter 16. South Yemen as the Model Case of a Possible East German Foreign Policy -- 1. Best Friends with Benefits: Soviet and East German Engagement in South Yemen as Part of a Regional Strategy in the Region -- 2. Advocacy for an East German Foreign Policy in its own Right -- 3. The GDR in South Yemen: A Phase Analysis of Foreign Policy -- 4. South Yemen as the Exceptional Case and an Approximation to the "Ideal Type" of East German Foreign Policy -- Chapter 17. Moscow, East Berlin and the "Hawks of Hadramawt" - Nation Building or Neo-Colonialism in Southern Yemen? -- 1. How to explore the "Limits of Foreign Policy".
1. Two Germanys, two Yemens and the Cold War: How East-Berlin "lost" the North and "won" the South -- 2. Phases of the GDR’s Involvement in South Yemen: Internal Developments determine External Foreign Policy Engagement -- 3. Factionism, Alliances and Executions as a Political Means - The Unstable Milieu of South Yemeni Politics -- 4. The Major Hypothesis: The GDR’s Foreign Policy as a Policy of Socialist State- and Nation-Building -- FOREIGN POLICY PHASE ANALYSIS: THE GDR’s ENGAGEMENT IN SOUTH YEMEN -- Chapter 11. Phase 1: The Phase of Sampling and Creation from 1963 to 1969/70 - A Constitutional Draft and the Road to Recognition -- 1. The Revolutionary Phoenix from Aden’s Ashes: Opting for a Socialist State -- 2. Soviet Engagement in South Yemen: When Aden shed its Geostrategic Invisibility Cloak -- 3. The Phase of Sampling: From First Contact to Socialist Nation- and State-Building -- 4. Conclusion: East-Berlin’s new ally by the Red Sea -- Chapter 12. Phase II: The Phase of Establishment and Expansion 1969/70 to 1978 - Incorporating Marxism-Leninism in a Tribal Society -- 1. Internal Developments: The First Steps towards a Socialist State -- 2. Soviet Interests and Fields of Engagement: From Suspicion to "Best-Friends-Forever" -- 3. The Phase of Expansion: The GDR as the Director of "Civilian Matters" of Socialist Nation- and State-Building in South Arabia -- 4. Conclusion: South Yemen as the Model Case of a Possible East German Foreign Policy -- Interlude: South Yemen - A "Rough State" in the Region and in the World -- 1. Aden - Actor and Pawn in the Cold War Game -- 2. Between Conspiracy Theories and Security Policy: East Berlin, Aden and International Terrorism -- Chapter 13. Phase III: The Phase of Continuity and Consolidation from 1978 to 1986 - German Guidance and Yemeni Emancipation.
2. The GDR’s Policy of Socialist State- and Nation-Building: Motives and Strategies -- 3. The Impact of Socialist Nation-Building on South Yemen and its Society: A truly Marxist State in the Arab World? -- 4. South Yemen: Subject or Object of Foreign Policy? -- ANNEX -- I. Bibliography -- II. Archival Documents.
Chapter 6. Phase II: From No.2 of the Eastern Bloc to just another Isolation: The "Policy of Self-Assertion" -- 1. Keeping the Distance to Bonn - Oscillating between "Rapprochement" and "Dissociation" -- 2. Growing Distance to "Brother Moscow": "Steadfast Friendship" in Danger? -- 3. The Double-Edged Sword of International Recognition and the End of the GDR -- Chapter 7. The "Three Spheres of Foreign Policy Making": Party, State, and Society -- 1. On the Political System of the GDR and its Social Reality -- 2. Ideological Principles and Foreign Policy in "Socialist Germany" -- 3. Foreign Policy Actors, Competencies and the Decision-Making Process: The "Three Spheres Approach" -- 4. Summary: Competencies and Influences over Time -- PART II - The GDR in Yemen -- Chapter 8. The GDR and the "Arab World": A Small State’s "Fill-In Policy" -- 1. The Middle East between Washington and Moscow - Pawn or Player? -- 2. The GDR’s "Policy of Recognition" translated to the Middle East -- 3. The GDR and the Middle East: During the "High Times of Diplomacy" -- 4. Means to an End - The GDR’s Foreign Policy Strategies in the Arab World -- 5. Conclusion: the GDR in the Middle East - A Showcase of East German Foreign Policy Strategies -- Chapter 9. Forging a National Identity in Yemen’s South - Social Change between Foreign Interference and a Fragmented Nation -- 1. On the Relevance of Identities for this Study -- 2. From Tribal Lands to a Divided Yemen: A History of Foreign Interference -- 3. Determining a Yemeni identity in the South -- 4. Ideological Templates: Political Influences from the Middle East and Europe -- 5. Synthetic Politics in Yemen’s South: A Marxist State from Scratch -- Chapter 10. Methodological Prelude: Connecting the Case Study, the Foreign Policy Phase Analysis and the State- and Nation-Building Approach.
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